121 terms

CAASPP ELA Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
account
an oral or written description of particular events or situations; narrative: an account of the meetings; an account of the trip.
adjectives
words that describe a noun: a beautiful sunrise (beautiful is the adjective)
affix
a prefix or suffix that is added to a word: (un)comfortable; worth(less)
antonym
a word opposite in meaning to another. Fast is an antonym of slow.
appropriate information
give information that is on topic.
article/magazine article/newspaper article
a written work that gives information about a specific topic.
audience (as in writer's audience)
the person or people who read what the author has written. The audience determines the type of language used. Writing a letter to a friend will make use of different vocabulary than writing a persuasive essay for a school assignment.
author
person who writes an essay, story, poem, etc.
author's message
the main idea that the author wants to communicate.
author's point of view
the author's personal thoughts or opinions about a topic are communicated in his or her written work.
blog
An online journal about a topic of interest to the blogger.
capitals/capitalization
to write or print in capital letters letters or with an initial capital letter.
cause/effect
When two or more events occur in a way that one event is the result of another, they have a cause-and-effect relationship. For example, when a baby cries upon hearing a loud noise, the loud noise is the cause and the baby's crying is the effect.
central idea
The main idea is the point of the paragraph. It is the most important thought about the topic. To figure out the main idea, ask yourself this question: What is being said about the person, thing, or idea (the topic)?
characters
a person in a novel, play, or movie.
character's actions
what a character does during a story.
characters' relationships
how a character relates to other characters in the story. Relationships can be defined as family, friends, aquaintances, enemies.
chart/graph/diagram/table
different ways to display information or data.
clear language
choosing more specific words to convey a message. Instead of saying, "he was sad when he lost the soccer game," say something more specific such as, "he was depressed when he lost the most important game of the season."
comma
a mark of punctuation used for indicating a division or pause in a sentence
compare/contrast
to examine (two or more objects, ideas, people, etc.) in order to note similarities and differences.
conclude
to bring to an end; finish
conclusion
the end or result of a story, argument, or event.
concluding statement
last statement in an essay or spoken debate that sums up the main idea or opinion.
drawing a conclusion
after carefully reading all of the information on a topic, make a decision about what it means.
concrete details
information, facts, data, and specific knowledge offered to describe, explain, or justify something. A concrete detail helps the reader understand the idea in the writer's mind.
conflict
disagreement, fight, or problem
connect ideas (transitions in writing)
transitions are phrases or words used to connect one idea to the next. For example, "next, additionally, furthermore, finally"
convince
to persuade the audience to agree with your opinion or idea.
definition(s)
definitions tell the meaning of a word or phrase
describe
use specific words and phrases used to tell about a given topic.
details/realistic details
telling about something as it really is. For example, "the tree was a 50 year old pine."
develop ideas
use evidence and elaborate (see evidence and elaborate flash cards.
dialogue
a conversation between people, or characters.
dictionary
a book or online resource that tells the meaning of words.
draft
a first or preliminary form of any writing, subject to revision, copying, etc.
edit
to revise or correct
effective beginning/ending
in an essay, using appropriate language in the introduction and conclusion
elaborate
to add details or tell more about a topic
encyclopedia
a book or online resource that tells all known information about most topics.
errors
incorrect or wrong
essay
a short, written composition on a particular theme or subject
event
something that happens in real life (news) or in a story.
evidence
proves something to be true by giving details that make it clear.
example
to show how to do something
explain
to write or tell about something so that it is easily understood.
facts
any true information about a topic. For example, "Soleado is an elementary school."
flashback
in a story, a scene that tells about something that happened in the past.
focus
the central point or main idea.
global notes
notes taken during the performance task on the CAASSP
grammar usage
using or writing the English language correctly.
heading
the main idea of a written work, usually written in bold letters at the top.
illustration
drawing
imaginary
not real, fiction
inference
to use information to
inform
to tell someone about a topic through writing or speaking.
information
written or spoken communication that tells about a topic.
informational paper/
A written essay, story, or article that tells about a topic.
informational articles
A written article that tells about a topic.
introduction
The beginning of a story or essay that introduces the topic.
introduction of story
The beginning of a story where the setting, characters, and conflict are introduced.
key details
details that tell about the main topic.
key events
the most important events in a story that form the plot.
key idea
the main ideas that are written about in a story, article, or essay.
main characters
the most important characters in a story. Who the story is about.
main idea
The idea that the author wants to communicate. All details in an essay or story tell something about the main idea.
main problem
The biggest problem in a story that causes characters to take action.
meaning
what is meant by a word, phrase, or concept.
mental picture (writing)
Using life-like details to create a picture in the reader's mind. For example: "The wind was frantic and strong, blowing leaves in every direction, forcing umbrellas inside out, and making it difficult to walk forward."
narrative
a story, real or imagined.
narrator
the person who is telling a story.
notes
to write down important details.
opening (beginning)
In a story, the beginning that introduces the characters, setting, and conflict. In an essay, the introduction that tells what the essay will be about.
opinion(s)/agree/disagree
A person's view on a topic. After studying the facts, deciding what to believe about a topic.
opposite
something completely different. For example: light and dark, big and small.
order of events
The timeline or the order that things happen. First, then, next, last.
organize(d)/organization of ideas
For writing a paragraph or essay, putting ideas in a specific order to help the reader understand the main idea and supporting details.
paragraph
A paragraph is a set of sentences that communicate about a single idea.
passage
A paragraph or short essay about a topic. Often seen in directions as "read the passage and answer questions.
phrase
a group of words.
plot
the main events of a story (introduction, conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, conclusion)
poem
Using words artistically, often with rhythm or rhyme.
point of view
the thoughts or opinions of a person or character. In a story, the point of view can tell "who" is telling the story and how they relate to it.
pre-writing
putting the main ideas and key details on a paper to organize your thoughts before writing.
presentation
Telling out loud about a topic to an audience.
punctuation
the marks, such as period, comma, and parentheses, used in writing to separate sentences and their elements and to clarify meaning.
author's purpose
The purpose tells why the author has written about something. Is it to inform, entertain, or persuade?
quote
When you include a quote from a story, essay, or article, use quotation marks to show that you are directing quoting something and tell where you are quoting it from.
reason(s)
reasons tell why you think, feel, or have an opinion about a topic.
relationship
relationship tells how things are connected to one another. For example, plants, water, and sun are connected. The water and sun help a plant grow.
report
A report is either an oral presentation or a written paragraph or essay that informs others about a topic.
research
to investigate or learn about something in order to have an accurate, or truthful understanding of it.
research question
The question you are trying to answer by doing research.
research report
Informing others about a topic through speaking or writing. Use your research to share the most important evidence that supports your topic.
revise
to edit or fix your mistakes
root word
the base word that a prefix or suffix is added to: the root word in "unhappy" is "happy" and the prefix is "un"
section
piece or part
sensory details/language
details that describe how something looks, feels, tastes, sounds, or smells.
sentence
a complete thought that begins with a capital letter and ends with punctuation (.,?!)
statement
a sentence that tells something
setting
where a story takes place
similar
the same or alike
skim
to read quickly through something.
sources
where information is found when doing research. For example, a dictionary entry is a source of information about a word.
speaker
the person talking to an audience.
specific/exact word(s)/
using words that carefully show the meaning of something. For example: use the word terrified instead of afraid to tell the feeling more precisely.
word choice(s)/language
Choose language that is appropriate for the audience. If writing a letter to a friend, use casual language. If writing a research paragraph, use academic language.
spell check
reread your writing to look for misspelled words.
stanza
one group of words in a poem or song.
summary/summarize(s)
to briefly tell the main ideas or events of a story or article.
reasons
reasons tell why something happened, or why a certain opinion is formed.
synonym
a word that means the same thing as another word. For example, "glad is a synonym for happy."
theme
the main or most important idea that is communicated through a story, poem, essay, or article.
thesaurus
a book that shows multiple words that have the same meaning. For example, under "angry" a thesaurus would list "mad, upset, furious"
timeline
A diagram that shows the order in which events happen based on their date.
title
the name of a book, article, or essay.
topic
the subject that people talk or write about
transitions
word or phrases that help carry one idea into another, connecting them. Words such as: First, then, next, last, additionally, furthermore, finally.
trustworthy source
a source of information that is reliable or truthful. Encyclopedias and Dictionaries are trustworthy sources while a blog may not be.
verb tense
when writing, it is important to keep consistent verb tense. Example sentences: He jogged, ran, and did push ups. He jogs, runs, and does push ups. He will jog, will run, and will do push ups.
writer's message
the most important idea that the author is trying to tell you. Similar to the theme, or main idea.