New Testament Survey Midterm
Terms in this set (53)
What is the Greek meaning of "Good News"?
What is the Aramaic Translation of the Hebrew Old Testament?
What is the Latin translation of the Bible?
What is the final section of the Hebrew Old Testament?
What are the commentaries on the Mishnah called?
What is the Hebrew word for law?
What were the Dead Sea Scrolls?
Copies of scribal texts that were found in Kumran, they contained the writings of the Old Testament.
What is Biblical Apocrypha?
Written works of unknown authorship or doubtful origin
What is another meaning for the phrase "God Breathed"?
What were the three books included in the Synoptic Gospels?
Matthew, Mark, and Luke
What was the earliest known attempt to combine the gospels in harmony?
What is Hermeneutics?
Interpretation of the Bible
Who was Herod Antipas?
- Son of Herod the Great
- Had Salome dance for him & had John the Baptist beheaded
- Ruled Galiee in the time of Jesus
What were the two documents involved in the Two Document Hypothesis?
Mark and Q
What does the word Christ mean?
Which Gospel is focused in on prayer?
What other New Testament book was written as a joint project to the gospel of Luke?
What is the difference between the Sadducees and the Pharisees?
- Only read the Torah
- Didn't believe in resurrection
- Believed in afterlife
- Protested a religious group of leaders called the Seleucids.
Who were the Am ha' aretz and what did they do?
"The People of the Land" everyone who was not considered a saducee, pharisee, essence, or zealot.
Which gospel mentions the Church by name?
Militant resistants of the Romans
Jews who separated themselves from the pagan world to pursue a life of virtue until a better Kingdom of God was established.
Led the Jewish revolt against the Syrians and rededicated the Temple in the 2nd century B.C.
Father of Judas Maccabeus, originator of the Maccabean rebellion.
Alexander the Great
He was Greek. His tutor was Aristotle. He ruled many nations from the Mediterranean to the Middle East. Believed in Hellinization very strongly (To make Greek).
Antiochus the 4th
Antiochus IV Epiphanes was a Hellenistic Greek king of the Seleucid Empire. Known to be a villian and persecutor in the Jewish traditions. Sacrificed pig on Jewish alter.
He was a military leader and politician during the fall of the Roman Republic.
German New Testament scholar. He opposed the nazification of the Protestant churches and their unification into the movement of the 'German Christians'.
an edited record of the complex body of material known as oral Torah that was transmitted in the aftermath of the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE.
City in ancient Isreal. Home of Mattathias, father of Judas Maccabees.
A Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. The primary Greek translation of the Old Testament, it is also called the Greek Old Testament. (Diciples read this)
A Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple of Jeruselum after the maccabean revolt.
Greek for "preaching."
The Hebrew word meaning "writings" and is the third and largest section of the Hebrew Bible the Tanakh.
the second main division of the Hebrew Bible, between the Torah and Ketuvim. It contains two sub-groups, the Former Prophets and the Latter Prophets.
Kingdom of God
The same thing as "Kingdom of Heaven"
French-German theologian. He said Jesus couldnt have been the "man in a white robe" because the Romans wouldnt have criucified someone like that. Understand curtually why Jesus would have been cricified.
Herodias was a princess of the Herodian Dynasty of Judaea during the time of the Roman Empire. She was married to Herod Antipas, their daughter is Salome.
Describing or prophesying the complete destruction of the world.
Places outside of Israel where Jews lived.
spurious or pseudonymous writings, especially Jewish writings ascribed to various biblical patriarchs and prophets but composed within approximately 200 years of the birth of Jesus Christ.
Jewish general, son of Matthias, defended Galilee against the Roman legions.
The phrase the disciple whom Jesus loved or, in John 20:2, the disciple beloved of Jesus is used six times in the Gospel of John, but in no other New Testament accounts of Jesus. No one knows for sure who this is.
Sons of Herod the Great
Philip the Tetrarch
What was the structure of John?
Book of Signs(1-12) & Book of Glory (13-21).
Also, John often stacks stories side by side for comparison.
What was the Book of Glory?
Begins the turning point of the Gospel. Jesus prepares his disciples for his departure. Promises his continued presence in the form of the Holy Spirit. Contains Jesus's Trial, crucifixion, and resurrection.
What was the Book of Signs?
Jesus' time has not yet come.
A. Prologue (1:1-18).
B. Early Response to Jesus (1:19-4).
C. Hostility to Jesus (5-12).
What is source criticism?
The analysis and study of the sources used by biblical authors.
What is Form Criticism?
Analysis of the Bible by tracing the history of its content of parables, psalms, and other literary forms.
What is Redaction Criticism?
Theory that different copyists and commentators of the early biblical writings embellished and altered the biblical texts throughout early Jewish and Christian history to make them appear more miraculous, inspirational, and legitimate.
When was the destruction of the Jewish Temple?
Who was Cyrus?
The king of Persia. He was referred to as God's annointed king.