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Terms in this set (25)
(1884-1885) During European Imperialism, various European leaders met in Berlin, Germany to discuss plans for dividing Africa peacefully. These leaders had little regard for African independence, and had no representation for native Africans. This began the process of imperializing Africa.
colonization of Africa
The "scramble for Africa" 1880-1920
Europeans' low view of Africa and its inhabitants.
Industrialization in Europe led to new fervor to colonize.
- Looking for new markets, raw materials, and cheap labor
in areas with dry climates, a process caused by a combination of poor farming practices, overgrazing, and drought that turns productive land into desert
In West AFrica, Timbuktu arose as a center of the gold-salt trade. Arab merchants crossed the Sahara to bring salt, horses and Islam. In exchange they received gold and slaves.
The spreading of ideas or products from one culture to another.
a gravel covered desert plain
a great sea of sand with tall sand dunes in the sahara
a riverbed that remains dry except during the rainy seasons
a huge desert stretching across most of north Africa that acted as an obstacle to cultural diffusion
Belt south of the Sahara where it transitions into savanna across central Africa. It means literally 'coastland' in Arabic.
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group. Rwanda was the location of a brutal genocide in clashes between the Hutu and Tutsi tribes
A system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government in South Africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants of South Africa were curtailed and minority rule by whites was maintained.
one of the leaders of the African National Congress who led a struggle to end apartheid and was elected president in 1994 in the first all-race election in South Africa
grassland with scattered trees; found in tropical regions of Africa, Australia, and South America
A person who believes that things in nature contain a spirit and who worships ancestors
movement of people from rural areas to cities
helps to balance the uneven distribution of natural resources on Earth
less developed country
a country with little economic wealth and an emphasis on agriculture or mining (primary economic activities)
widespread cutting of forests, one of the contributing factors of desertification in Africa
a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death
The type of resource used when people produce goods and services
people who flee their country because of persecution or danger
an infectious tropical disease caused by a protozoan and transmitted to humans by a mosquito; it produces high fevers, chills, sweating, and anemia
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, which results in a variety of infections and a breakdown of an individual's immune system over time, has resulted in the orphaning of throusands of children in Africa
The number of a people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.This is the root cause of many of Africa's problems such as poverty, desertification, and housing shortages
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