THEO Test 2
Terms in this set (48)
Implications of Immanence
1) God is not limited to working directly to accomplish His purposes.
2) God may use non-Christian persons/organizations
3) We should have appreciation for His creation
4) We can learn something about God from His creation
5) God's immanence means that there are points at which the gospel can make contact with the unbeliever.
guard against excessive emphasis
Implications of Transcendence
1) There is something higher than human beings. Goodness, truth, and value are not determined by the shifting flux of this world and human opinion
2) God can never be completely captured in our finite human concepts
3) Our salvation is not our achievement
4) There will always be a difference between God and humans
5) Reverence is appropriate in our relationship with God
6) We will look for genuinely transcendent working by God.
guard against excessive emphasis
Moral attributes/goodness (communicable)
holiness, love, mercy, and faithfulness etc
Natural attributes/greatness (non-communicable)
knowledge, power, might, spirituality, life, personality, infinity, constancy etc
not bound by physical body, not limited to geographical or spatial location, not limited by our concept of time,
God is characterized by life (greatness)
God doesn't derive His life from external source
Uncaused rather than self caused
God chooses to relate to us
God doesn't depend on anything to continue existing
God's personality (greatness)
God is personal - He has a name (I AM, I WILL BE, Yahweh..."
God's infinity (greatness)
Time (always is...non-temporal ontologically)
Knowledge (unmeasurable understanding, wisdom)
Power ('el shaddai) He cannot do things logically contradictory, yet He is FREE
God's constancy (greatness)
no quantitative change
God's nature does not undergo modification
God's plans are always consistent - WILL DOES NOT CHANGE
God is active & dynamic -> dependable
God's Goodness (moral qualities)
Moral Purity (holiness, righteousness, justice)
Integrity (genuineness, veracity, faithfulness)
Love (benevolence, grace, mercy, persistence)
God's love & justice, tension?
justice is loving, and love is love that is just. Love is not fully understood w/o justice - otherwise, mere sentimentality.
3 in 1
1 God, 3 persons
Biblical teaching on the trinity
Oneness of God
Deity of 3
"economic" view of trinity: (vague)
Dynamic monarchianism (HERESY - belief that Jesus did not posses the nature of God until baptism, and gave it up before death)
modalistic monarchianism: (1 God, 3 roles, names, activities -> falls apart when the 3 occasionally appear together in the Bible)
Monarchianism / Sabellianism*
God appears in 3 successive modes.
Father (Creator & Lawgiver)
Spirit (Inspirer & Giver of grace)
Patripassianism*: One form of Sabellianism emphasizes the Father becoming incarnate and suffering with (versions) of the Son
the orthodox formulation: 1 ousia(substance), 3 hypostases(persons) Undivided
can be helpful but all eventually fail in some sense
Essential Elements of Trinity doctrine
1) the unity of God is basic
2) the diety of the 3 persons must be affirmed (qualitatively the same)
3) God is not 3 in the same respect He is 1
4) The Trinity is eternal
5)The function of one member may be subordinate (NOT INFERIOR) to the other members for a time
6) the Trinity is incomprehensible...mystery
What the Bible calls a mystery
don't try to make a theory
We will someday understand God better than we do now
but we can NEVER fully comprehend Him
Tertullian on the Trinity
the doctrine of the Trinity must be divinely revealed not humanly constructed
God - incomprehensible
finite minds can't fully understand
Transcendence of God
we will look for genuinely transcendent working by God -> we won't neglect prayer for guidance or special intervention
is about God
Since Jesus is the full & final revelation
Christian theology is a discussion of Jesus as God
no idols/images to worship God
Does Genesis give an argument for God's existence?
What does it mean for God to be free?
Can He break promises? no
Can He go against His nature or defy logic? no
definition of theodicy
the vindication of divine goodness and providence in view of the existence of evil.
God's love conditional, sin unforgivable UNTIL JESUS
uniqueness of trinity
only Christianity believes in the Trinity!
Son is subordinate to the Father
but NOT INFERIOR; Father & Son distinct but equal
Who is the best GA?
from two Greek words meaning "last" (ἔσχατος) and "study" (-λογία), is the study of 'end things', whether the end of an individual life, the end of the age, the end of the world and the nature of the Kingdom of God.
God the Father
unique to Christianity
What man discovered Jesus as a Holy Man & Lord of the earth & WATER?
immutability of God
God cannot change His
This is a way of describing the process of "knowing" that acknowledges the reality of the thing known, as something other than the knower (hence "realism"), while fully acknowledging that the only access we have to this reality lies along the spiralling path of appropriate dialogue or conversation between the knower and the thing known......??? wikipedia (verify notes)
the doctrine that universals or general ideas are mere names without any corresponding reality, and that only particular objects exist; properties, numbers, and sets are thought of as merely features of the way of considering the things that exist. Important in medieval scholastic thought, nominalism is associated particularly with William of Occam......wikipedia (verify notes)
Christian socialism is a form of religious socialism based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. Many Christian socialists believe capitalism to be idolatrous and rooted in greed, which some Christian denominations consider a mortal sin. Christian socialists identify the cause of inequality to be the greed that they associate with capitalism.......???wikipedia (verify notes)
objectively right ->
Jesus' being the "firstborn among creation" (Col 1:15) means that God the Son had a beginning.
Homoiousia: Jesus is of like essence or substance with the Father
Heteroousia: of different essence or substance with the Father=Jehovah Witness!
2 Peter 3:9
paraphrase - the LORD is LONG-SUFFERING
plural form of His name
1st logical task in presenting and defending the trinity
1) trying to prove Jesus is diety
2) Father is God
3) personhood of the H.S.
belief that Jesus is a diff substance than God the Father
Paradox vs Contradiction
4 attributes of God