Introduction to interpreting final

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Terms in this set (...)

interpreting
live, real time
transliteration
going from english to singed english or form to form is the same
translation
2 frozen forms normally printed or on video. You can go back and replay it over and over and the information and message does not change
oral interpreting
reading lips
sign-to-voice
signed source language message will be converted to spoken language
voice-to-sign
spoken language message will be converted to signed source language
contact signing
pidgin, combo of ASL and english
source language
language in which the original message is conveyed
target language
language in which the original message is interpreted
mother language
language at home
a, b, c language
a: native language
b: produce and understand it but not like a native language
c: understand it but cannot produce it, not a lot of skill
modality
different forms of the same language
consecutive interpreting
method of communicating a message from one language to another in segments.Pauses
simultaneous interpreting
a method of communicating a message from one language to another as quickly as possible
lag/ process time
analyzing the source language utterance creates a time gap before conveying the message
proxemics
space and how culture feels about space
kinesics
gestures like eye gazing and raising eyebrows and how it connects to culture
paralingustics
things outside of the spoken language. How the language is produced not the language itself. Intonation, rate of speech, volume, and silence
collectivism
principle of giving a group priority over each person in it
individualism
principle of being independent
frozen
meaning found in ritual
ex: wedding, funerals
formal
sports events, theatre, church, conferences
consultative
"expert" and a consumer. ex: doctors office, teachers office
informal
casual such as colleagues or cohorts interacting
intimate
people that share history and it influences their communication
speaker goals
persuading, providing information, seeking information, expressing emotions
dynamic equivalence
maintaining the speakers intended interaction with and the impact on the audience
RID
registry of interpreters
CMP
certification maintenance program
CDI
certified Deaf interpreters
MLC/MLS
minimal language competency/ minimal language skills
platform
church, lecture hall, graduation, or concert
one-on-one
appointments, conversations, friends with friends
small group
small classes, clubs, AA, group therapy
PL 94-142
mainstreaming law, says all children should be educated in their least instructive environment. Ex: interpreters provided for free
section 504
law that says if your institution accepts federal money you must be acceptable
ADA
americans with disability act
helper model
family, friends helping out Deaf person by interpreting, not paid
machine/conduit model
robot like, rigid set of rules, ignores the fact that communication is more than words and ignores context and meaning behind those words
bilingual/bicultural model ?
accomplishing speaker goals and how the goals are accomplished
environmental demands
goal of the environment, terminology, physical space, and personal
intrapersonal demands
whats going on between people; hierarchy/ who is controlling the conversation
paralinguistic demands
things that are happening/ how something is said
interpersonal demands
demands of the signer and whats going on inside the signer ex: hungry, bathroom
pre-assignment controls
control you bring to the assignment by the virtue of your background, personality, and other characteristics. ex: prepping your clothes, studying the topic, contact with the person
assignment controls
controls that are employed during the interpreting assignment itself. Any action the signer takes like asking for clarification, or actions that you do not take
post-assignment controls
controls that are empaled after the assignment is over. Ex: taking to your team partner about how it went, self-care, venting
MCE
manual coded english
dynamic equivalence
maintaining the speakers intended interaction with the impact of the audience
taxonomy
way of classifying information not natural, framework, way of talking about the work, gives language to talk about work
liberal
bring attention to interpreter
conservative
brings least amount of attention to interpreter
main demand
interpersonal demand, demand that requires a response from the interpreter even if it is do nothing
concurrent demand
influences the main demand in important ways and flesh out the entire situational content
Constellation of Demands
construct that it can be used to structure "it depends". Made up of the entire main demand and the concurrent demands
deontology
focuses on rules and laws; stresses adherence to value-based rules
teleology
focuses on the outcomes or consequences or one's decision, stresses the weighing of decision consequences against values
RID code of conduct
a way provisions express their values
negative consequences
not bad things, just what is given up
positive consequences
what you were going for. Neither bad nor good. Aim to make a decision because you have a goal in mind. Applies to every situation