38 terms

Parts of Speech

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Noun
person, place, thing, or idea
Common Noun
general name for a person, place, thing, or idea
Proper Noun
a SPECIFIC person, place, thing, or idea
Concrete Noun
names a person, place, or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses
Abstract Noun
names ideas, qualities, or feelings that cannot be seen or touched
Posessive Noun
shows ownership
Singular Noun
Names one person, place, thing, or idea.
Ex. boy, ball, school
Plural Noun
names more than one person, place, thing, or idea
Collective Noun
a noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things
Personal Pronouns
I, you, he, she, it
Reflexive/Intensive Pronouns
ends in self
Demonstrative Pronouns
this, that, these, those
Interrogative Pronouns
which, who, whom, whose
Relative Pronouns
that, which, who, whose, whom
Indefinite Pronouns
EVERYONE knows these. MOST use them. SOME do not. ANYBODY can learn them. Can SOMEONE help me?
Coordinating Conjunctions
FANBOYS: For, And, Nor, But, Or,
Yet, So
Correlative Conjunctions
Have two parts: both...and, either...or,
neither...nor, not only...but also, whether...or not
Subordinating Conjunctions
Makes it depend: after, as,
before, since, until, when whenever, while, as,
because,, since, whereas, in order that, so
that, although, even though, unless, if,
provided that, while
Prepositions
shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word.
e.g about, before, during, on, under
Pronoun
Takes the place of a noun
Conjunction
Connects things
Adjective
Describes a noun
Adverb
Describes a verb, adjective, or adverb
Questions adverbs answer
when, where, how, to what extent
Endings of adverbs
ly, wise, ward
Verb
shows an action or state of being
Action Verbs
show action, can be transitive or intransitive
Linking Verbs
connects the subject to another word in the sentence, usually a predicate adjective or a predicate nominative
Be Verbs
am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
Transitive Verb
An action verb that has a direct objet
Intransitive Verb
An action that DOES NOT have a direct object
The direct object answers the questions...
what or who
The indirect object answers the questions...
to whom, for whom, to what, for what
Linking verbs are like ? signs
=
Predicate Adjective
an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the subject
Predicate Nominative
a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames or identifies the subject
Active Voice
The subject performs the action of the verb
Passive Voice
The subject does not perform the action of the verb
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