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Arts and Humanities
Unit 8 World War II
Terms in this set (38)
What is anti-semitism
Hostility or prejudice against jews.
Why did hitler target the jews
Blamed he Jews for Germany's trouble after WWI glorified the aryan race or blond,blue eyed Germans.
What did the Nuremberg laws do?
Stripped Jews of rights in Germany. Lost rights and had to wear the Star of David.
What was the Gestapo?
We're secret state police that identified and pursued people who didn't follow nazi laws.
What was kristallnacht?
Anti Jews riots broke out through Germans areas
What were the ghettos
Cramped fenced neighborhood where disease spread rapidly.
What was the Final Solution
Hitler name for the genocide of Jews
Is defined as the total individuals were targeted during the holocaust
6 million Jews and 5 million others
What was the war refugee board? When and why was it created?
In January of 1944 the US responded to the holocaust by finally forming it. It saved 200,00 Jews form the nazis
What country discovered and liberated the first concentration camps?
Auschwitz liberated. Discovered by American troops liberate buchenwald
What happened at the Nuremberg trials
Nazis were executed and many more were sent to prison through some escape to South America
Who was commander of the Philippines that was surrendered to leave before Japan captured the island?
Mac Arthur Douglas
What is genocide
Is defined as the total extermination of a group of people
What was the bataan death march?
70,000 men marched 65 miles in the Philippines march.
What two countries did the allies occupy after the war?
Japan and parts of Europe including Germany
What war is going to follow World War II? Between what two types of countries?
What was the United Nations founded?
Founded in June of 1945 to prevent war an ensure human rights
Who was placed in charge of rebuilding Japan?
Genera Douglas MacArthur
What happened at the Potsdam confernece
Was the last attempt to negotiate with Stalin and keep communism from spreading
How does the war come to an end in Japan? And what was it called?
On august 15, 1945 Hirohito announced Japanese surrender over the radio. It was called the V-J Day
How does the war come to an end in Europe
The United Nations trails
What two locations in Japan were hit hit by the atomic bomb
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
What plane carried the atomic bomb to Hiroshima
Who was the project leader of the manhattan project?
J Robert Oppenheimer
What was the manhattan project
Developed an atomic bomb
Who became president when FDR died in office?
What did the halts conference do?
Decided what to do with Germany after the war. It divided Germany into 4 sectors: English Russian British French
What is deficit spending? How did it contribute to the war?
Spending despite a lack of money rose dramatically. Government sold War bond it raised 156$ billion
What did executive order of 9066 do?
Ordered 120,000 Japanese Americans to be rounded up by the army and placed i internment camps
What two groups were involved in the zoot suit riots?
Sailors and marines
What sort of items were rationing
Rubber gas sugar meat and butter
How did World War II end the Great Depression?
The unemployment of the Great Britain wa solved by the wartime work force
Who were kamikaze attackers
Japanese for divine wind pilots loaded planes with bombs and flew them into ships
What did James Doolittle do
Led an air raid on Tokyo
What was the allied strategy for victory in the pacific
Island hopping or mobbing from island to Island taking over enemy positions
Who were the big three allied leaders
FDR representing US Winston Churchill representing Great Britain and Stalin representing Russia
What was the turning point in the pacific
The navy destroyed the Japanese Air Force and sank three carrier ships
Who were the code talkers
Were Native American didn't eh Navajo tribe who served in the marines
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