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Terms in this set (46)
How is progress defined?
need for predators in prey vs predator scenario
What is green fire?
forest: manage trees for timer and part of dept of agriculture
park: geared for tourism
What is the difference between forest and park service?
idea that you are happier when you are closer to nature (less is best) (Bob Marshall)
Dinosaur National Park (Echo Damn Reservoir)
was not approved
What was similar to Hetch-Hetchy but with a different outcome?
what ultimately created wilderness?
it is both a place and a state of mind
it describes a condition that can be a place
adj & noun
what is a challenge when defining "wilderness"
it is a home
what does Snyder's etiquette of freedom say about nature?
what movement did Thoreau and Emerson embody?
who said something along the lines of "in wilderness is preservation of world"
______ decreased as civilization increased?
Federally Designated Wilderness
What is the highest level of protection in the US
physical & symbolic
What two major threats does Nash argue?
appreciaton and celebration of wilderness are attributed to whom?
What does Turner say is missing from our experience with nature?
Turner says the "Other" is what?
who says "wilderness is a threatening word because it is a threatened place?
Dinosaur national monument
State of Conservation movement was the ___
who claims Columbus and Spanish Inquisition on the New World set a precedent for how we treat nature, behave as a society, and indigneous people
everything benefits humans
who is a Conservationist?
everything benefits nature
who is a preservationist?
Utilitarianism matches with what on the preservation side?
Bio-centrism matches with what on the conservation side?
when did the frontier close
when was the first state land grant?
When was yellowstone created?
when was the wilderness act created
what is the first state park
Wilderness (capital W)
what is the highest and protection
the founder of the wilderness society
who was Bob Marshall?
he wrote about the closing frontier in 1890
who was Frederick Jackson Turner
he was in favor for conservation, U.S forest services, state parks, supported the dam
who was Gifford Pinchot
Led the transcendentalists
who was Ralph Waldo Emerson
led the romantic idea living
who was henry thoreau
president during hetch hetchy
who was teddy roosevelt
who formed American romantic movement
what was Nash's wilderness spectrum
wilderness- designated wilderness area
what are examples of the wilderness spectrum
it was significant because it set a president for what can happen in national parks-> created the park services in 1916
what was the hetch hetchy controversy
it was created in 1924 by Aldo Leopold it became the first wilderness area in the u.s , and set new precedent for setting apart land for its intrinsic values and its part in the biotic community
what was the Gila wilderness
protected 9.1 million acres, efforts were made by Aldo Leopold, Bob Marshall, Howard Zaniser, federal land only, "de jure" wilderness- the earth is untrammeled by man, where man itself is a visitor who doesn't remain
What was the wilderness act of 1964
primitivism central to romantic thinking, simple living, emerged from urban intellectuals, popular during western settlement, spiritual connotation of experience
what was the romantic perception
embracing nature, opinion of civilization- society/growth/technology/thoreau- led the movement, roots in new england, god, spiritual
what was the transcendentalists perception
saught to control wilderness, purge wilderness of the devil, westward expansion of the wild country
what was the puritans perception
Nature is not a place ,it is home
physical universe and all its properties
Wilderness is wildland, wasteland, space of sea or air, place of danger or difficulty -- as in contrast to heaven. a place of wholeness
Nature VS Wilderness
took pinchots side in end
wilderness issue to public eye
hetch hetchy greatest good for greatest number of people
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