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Logical Fallacies CAMS (definitions)
from "The Fallacy Detective" by the Bluedorn Brothers
Terms in this set (25)
Where someone introduces an irrelevant point into an argument. He may think (or he may want us to think) it proves his side, but it really doesn't.
Where someone attacks an opponent's character, or his motives for believing something, instead of disproving his opponent's argument.
Where someone condemns an argument because of where it began, how it began, or who began it.
Tu Quoque (You Too)
Where someone dismisses your viewpoint on an issue because you are yourself inconsistent in that very thing.
Faulty Appeal to Authority
Where someone appeals to the authority of someone who has no special knowledge in the area they are discussing.
Appeal to the People
Where someone claims his viewpoint is correct just because many other people agree with it.
Where someone attempts to prove his conclusion by simply restating it. He says "P is true because Q is true, and Q is true because P is true."
Where the meaning of a word is changed in the middle of an argument.
Where someone asks one question which assumes the answer to a second question.
Where someone asserts that what is true of part of something must also be true of the whole thing together.
Where someone asserts that what is true of something as a whole must also be true of each of its parts. This is the reverse of the part-to-whole fallacy.
Where someone asserts that we must chose between two things, when in fact we have more alternatives.
Where someone generalizes about a class or group based upon a small and poor sample.
Where someone claims that some items which have only a few minor similarities are practically the same in almost everything else.
Where someone assumes that since A happened before B, A must have caused B.
Where someone claims something is true simply because nobody has yet given them any evidence to the contrary.
Appeal to Fear
Where someone moves you to fear the consequences of not doing what he wants.
Appeal to Pity
Where someone urges us to do something only because we pity him, or we pity something associated with him.
Where someone pressures us to do something just because many other people like us are doing it.
Where someone offers nothing more than a time limit as a reason for us to do what he wants.
Where a message is repeated loudly and very often in the hope that it will eventually be believed.
Where an advertiser gets us to associate our good or bad feelings about one thing, to another unrelated thing.
Where someone encourages us to think his product would make us better, or stand out, from everybody else.
Appeal to Tradition
Where we are encouraged to buy a product or do something because it is associated with something old.
Appeal to Hi-tech
Where someone urges us to buy something because it is the "latest thing" - but not necessarily because it is the best thing.
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