12 terms

Excretory System (Standard 7.L.1.4)


Terms in this set (...)

excretory system
the system which eliminates cellular (metabolic) wastes from the body; includes respiratory system, integumentary system, and urinary system.
incredibly small sacs found inside the lungs where the exchange of gases takes place
sweat gland
located in the skin, a gland that eliminates concentrated urea and excess salts from the body as part of cooling the body down
a state of balance between the processes of the body
two kidney-bean shaped organs responsible for filtering the blood
location of true filtering of the blood; millions are found inside each kidney
renal artery
the blood vessel that carries urea to the kidneys for filtering
renal vein
the blood vessel that carries filtered blood from the kidneys back to the heart
although considered a digestive system organ, this organ plays a role in the excretory system by forming urea and uric acid from the breakdown of proteins and sending it to the kidneys to be removed from the body
all the chemical reactions that take place in an organism's cells
a chemical waste that comes from the breakdown of proteins in the liver and is filtered out of the blood in the kidneys
waste product made of water, urea, and inorganic salts and forms in the kidneys

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