How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

75 terms

Medical Terminology Chapter 2-Medical Terms

Medical terms from Medical Terminology Chapter 2
STUDY
PLAY
Adenocarcinoma
Cancerous tumor of glandular tissue.
Adenoma
Tumor composed of glandular tissue (benign)
Carcinoma
CA
Cancerous tumor
Chloroma
Tumor of green color (malignant, arising from myeloid tissue)
Epithelioma
Tumor composed of epithelium (may be benign or malignant)
Fibroma
Tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue) (Benign)
Fibrosarcoma
Malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
Leiomyoma
Tumor composed of smooth muscle (benign)
Leiomyosarcoma
Malignant tumor of smooth muscle.
Lipoma
Tumor composed of fat (benign)
Liposarcoma
Malignant tumor of fat
Melanocarcinoma
Cancerous black tumor
Melanoma
Black tumor (primarily of the skin)
Myoma
Tumor composed of muscle (benign)
Neoplasm
New grown (of abnormal tissue or tumor)
Neuroma
Tumor composed of Nerve (benign)
Rhabdomyoma
Tumor composed of striated muscle (benign)
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Malignant tumor of striated muscle
Sarcoma
Tumor of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage) (Highly Malignant)
Cytogenic
Producing cells
Cytoid
Resembling a cell
Cytology
The study of cells
Cytoplasm
Cell substance
Dysplasia
Abnormal Development
Epithelial
Pertaining to the epithelium
Erthrocyte
Red (blood) cell
Erythrocytosis
Increase in the number of red (blood) cells
Histology
Study of tissue
Hyperplasia
Excessive development
Hypoplasia
Incomplete development
Karyocyte
Cell with a nucleus
Karyoplasm
Substance with a nucleus
Leukocyte
White (blood) cell
Leukocytosis
Increase in the number of white (blood) cells
Lipoid
Resembling fat
Myopathy
Disease of the muscle
Neuroid
Resembling a nerve
Somatic
Pertaining to the body
Somatogenic
Originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)
Somatopathy
Disease of the body
Somatoplasm
Body substance
systemic
Pertaining to a (body) system (or the body as a whole)
Visceral
Pertaining to the internal organs
Cancerous
Pertaining to Cancer
Carcinogen
Substance that causes cancer
Carcinogenic
Producing Cancer
Cyanosis
Abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)
Diagnosis
(Dx)
State of complete knowledge (Identifying a disease)
Etiology
Study of causes (of diseases)
iatrogenic
Produced by a physician (The unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)
iatrology
Study of medicine
Metastasis
Beyond control (spread of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors)
Neopathy
New disease
Oncogenic
Causing tumors
Oncologist
A physician who studies and treats tumors
Oncology
Study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)
Organic
Pertaining to an organ
Pathogenic
Producing disease
Pathologist
A physician who studies diseases (examines biopsies and performs autopsies to determine cause of disease or death)
Pathology
Study of disease (a branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)
Prognosis
(Px)
State of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)
Xanthochromic
Pertaining to yellow color
Xanthosis
Abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)
Benign
Non malignant (cancerous), non-recurrent, favorable for recovery
Carcinoma in situ
Cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue
Chemo Therapy
(Chemo)
Treatment of cancer with drugs
Encapsulated
Enclosed in a capsule, as with benign tumors
Exacerbation
Increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms.
Idiopathic
Pertaining to disease of unknown orgin
Inflammation
Response to injury or destruction of tissue characterized by redness, swelling heat, and pain.
in Vitro
Within a glass, observable within a test tube.
in Vivo
Within the living body
Malignant
Tending to become progressively worse and to cause death, as in cancer.
Radiation Therapy
(XRT)
Treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation (Also called radiation oncology and radiotherapy)
Remission
Improvement or absence of signs of disease