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Types Of Image Files
Terms in this set (13)
You can use JPEG for projects on the web or for projects that require printing at high resolution.
PNG(Portable Network Graphics)
Used most in web projects;gives you the ability to save your image with multiple colors on a transparent background
GIF(Graphics Interchange Format)
This is a common file type for web projects where an image needs to load very quickly, as opposed to one that needs to retain a higher level of quality.
TIF( Tagged Image File )
A TIF is a large raster file that doesn't lose quality; it is usually used when saving photographs for print. Don't use this file on the web; it will take forever to load!
PSD( Photoshop Document )
PSDs are files that are created and saved in Adobe Photoshop.This type of file contains "layers" that make modifying the image much easier to handle. Photoshop works with raster images as opposed to vector images.
PDF( Portable Document Format)
PDFs were invented by Adobe with the goal of capturing and reviewing rich information from any application, on any computer, with anyone, anywhere
EPS is a file in vector format that has been designed to produce high-resolution graphics for print. Almost any kind of design software can create an EPS. It is more of a universal file type (much like the PDF) that can be used to open vector-based artwork in any design editor, not just the more common Adobe products. This safeguards file transfers to designers that are not yet utilizing Adobe products, but may be using Corel Draw or Quark.
AI(Adobe Illustrator Document)
Adobe Illustrator is the industry standard for creating artwork from scratch. Illustrator produces vector artwork, the easiest type of file to manipulate. It can also create all of the aforementioned file types.
INDD(Adobe Indesign Document )
INDDs (Indesign Document) are files that are created and saved in Adobe Indesign. Indesign is commonly used to create larger publications, such as newspapers, magazines and eBooksFiles from both Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator can be combined in Indesign to produce content rich designs that feature advanced typography, embedded graphics, page content, formatting information and other sophisticated layout-related options.
Vector & Raster
Raster images are constructed by a series of pixels, or individual blocks, to form an image. JPEGs, GIFs and PNGs are all raster images. Every photo you find online or in print is a raster image. Pixels have a defined proportion based on their resolution (high or low), and when the pixels are stretched to fill space they were not originally intended to fit, they distort resulting in blurry or unclear images. In order to retain pixel quality, you cannot resize raster images without compromising their resolution. As a result, it is important to remember to save raster files at the exact dimensions needed for the application.
Vector images are far more flexible. They are constructed using proportional formulas rather than pixels. EPS, AI and PDF are perfect for creating graphics that require frequent resizing. Your logo and brand graphics should have been created as a vector, and you should always have a master file on hand.
The process of loosening or tightening the spacing between the characters in selected text or an entire block of text.
The Space between two lines of Text
The process of adding or subtracting space between specific pairs of characters
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