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Explain why France was butter towards Germany more than any other country.
-France was bitter due to the Franco-Prussian wars and multiple invasions Germany had conducted in the country.
Explain the effect of militarism in the late 1800s in Europe.
-Nations made political and military alliances
Describe how aggressive nationalism pushed France and Germany to the brink of war in the early 1900s
-France yearned for revenge against Germany to regain its position as Europe's leading power
When war between Russia and Japan ended Germany hoped Russia would become their ally. Instead Russia became closer to ___.
Explain how the Franco-Prussian war kicked off the alliance system in Europe
-Germany signed the 1st alliance treaties to protect itself against France, which was eager ti avenge its defeat in the Franco-Prussian war.
Describe what the hague tribunal was.
-It was a court set up by world leaders. It was meant to settle disputes between nations peacefully.
An alliance between France and this country,who borrowed money, was another act toward WWI. Name the country
Which of the following was an effect of militarism in Europe in the late 1800s?
-nations made political and military alliances
What role did militarism play in the years before WWI?
-European countries focused on building up their military forces, preparing for war.
What role did Imperialismplay in Europe's push towards war?
-Imperialism led to competition between countries for colonies, increasing tensions
what relations did germany and france hold in the years leading up to WWI?
-France wanted revenge for their loss in the Franco-Prussian wars.
What ethnic tensions in Bosnia led to the assassination of Francis Ferdinand and launched WWI?
-The Serbians viewed the Austriand as foreign oppressors
Which of the following statements describes Kaiser William II?
-He was a german leader who supported Austria's war with Serbia
Explain the ethnic tensions in Bosnia that led to the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand.
-The Serbians viewed Austrians as foreign oppressors.
The 3 main points of the ten-part ultimatum goven to Serbia by Austria included all except__
-the Seizure of Serbian lands by Austria
On August 1, 1914, Germanyt declared war on which country when it refused an ultumatum to demobilize?
britain was forced to declare war on germany
-because the German army disrupted Belgian neutrality, which Britain promised to protect
Which of the following statements is true regarding the ottoman empire in WWI?
-it joined the Central Powers
Explain how the machine gun led to stalemate on the war front?
-Soldiers were killed before they could reach enemy lines.
A stalemate is best described as
-a situation in which niether side of the conflict gains an advantage
How did the machine gun change the nature of fighting?
-made combat more impersonal by enabling soldiers to kill their enemy from a distance.
Which of the following weapons contributed most to the stalemate on the Western Front during WWI?
-automatic machine gun
Which of the following statements about nations dissatisfaction with the treaty of versailles is not true?
-China wanted land in Germany
Which of the following terms describes the spread of influenza across europe after the war?
Which of the following was a major reason the U.S. exchanged neutrality for war in 1917?
-Germans used their submarines to attack ships carrying American citizens and supplies to the Allies.
Which of these was an immediate cause of the 1917 revolution in Russia?
-Disasters on the WWi battlefields; Fuel shortages; food shortages (all of the above)
Describe Lenin's ideal vision of Russian society under communism and the steps he took to realize that vision.
-Lenin envisioned a classless society in which the means of production were owned by the workers. Lenin ended private ownership of land and gave land to peasants.
What grivances against the czar are expressed in this proclamation?
-The czar's gov't brought starvation and ruin to the country
List 3 immediate causes of the 1917 revolution in Russia.
-disasters on WWI battlefields, food shortages, and fuel shortages.
What goals does the proclamation support?
-The proclamtion urges the complete destruction of the old gov't and its replacement with popular gov't
According to the proclamation, how should people reach this goal?
-People should organize commities to administer local affairs
On November 8, 1917, Lenin announced that all local power would be transferred to workers' and peasants' concils. What were they called?
All of the following are true of Russia during WWI except:
-Russian weaponry was superior to the Allies weaponry.
After WWi ended __ swept through Europe making recovery from the war and even greater challenge.
Why did Czarina Alexandra look to Gregory Rasputin?
-Rasputin was a self-proclaimed healer and she wanted to seek help for her son that suffered from hemophilia.
How did communism during the age of totalitarian control affect religion?
-Atheism became the official state policy.
A form of government in which a one-party dictatorship tries to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens
Stalin's totalitarianism was constant, rapid and profound change called, "_______".
Why did Communists discourage religion in the Soviet Union?
-They wanted the government to be the supreme authority.
Totalitarian state is a form of government in which a __________-party dictatorship tries to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens.
Explain the role of a dictator in a totalitarian state.
-The dictator controls every aspect of the lives of citizens.
Explain the conflict between conservatives and radical social groups
-Radical groups wanted to form new social orders, but conservatives warned against communism.
Why do you think the Communists discouraged religion in the Soviet Union?
-They wanted the government to have complete control over everything.
Which of the following is one way that life for the average Soviet citizen, under communism, was impacted
-Education was provided by the government.
How do the terms of the Versailles treaty reflect the ideas expressed in this message?
-They were severe and meant to punish Germany.
Explain how the machine gun led to stalemates on the war front
-Soldiers were killed before they could make any enemy ground.
What economic reforms did Stalin introduce that led to the changes shown on this graph?
-His five-year plans included a command economy and set high production goals for heavy industry, including steel and coal, which began to grow
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