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CJ304 Quiz 1 Victimology
Terms in this set (35)
This was the focus of victimological research in the 1940s.
This organization was an outgrowth of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984.
Office for Victims of Crime (OVC).
This theorist suggested that victims and offenders needed to be considered in a dyad in order to fully understand victimization.
Hans von Hentig
Who coined the term "Victimology"?
During this time period, victims were the focus of the justice system.
The Violence Against Women Act was enacted in what year?
Which of the follow items was NOT a critical victimological development of the Women's Movement?
Women used alcohol and drugs as self-medication techniques to deal with rape
This is the name for individuals who are affected by the victimization of a loved one.
The Women's Movement also brought attention to this group of victims.
These programs are responsible for notifying victims of court proceedings and provide guidance during the court process.
Victim/Witness assistance programs
Marvin Wolfgang found that for victim precipitated homicides, victims oftentimes knew the offender.
This principle suggests that the more one comes into contact with offenders, the more likely he is to be victimized.
Principle of homogamy
These two characteristics seem to deter people from committing crime and thus reduce likelihood of victimization as well.
Marriage and employment
This database was created to address the flaws in the Uniform Crime Reports.
National Incident-Based Reporting System
What percentage of respondents to the National Crime Victimization Survey suggested that the offenders in their cases were believed to have been under the influence of alcohol?
Slightly over 25%
Neighborhoods with little cohesion do not do a good job of protecting against victimizations of residents.
This theory suggests that someone with low self-control will commit criminal acts, which makes him more likely to be victimized.
A General Theory of Crime
The National Crime Victimization Survey records crimes from members of a household aged ___ and up.
12 years old
If one has weak ties to family, they are LESS likely to be victimized.
Which of the following is NOT one of the eight Part I Index crimes?
This rule requires that only the most serious of offenses within an incident be reported to the Uniform Crime Reports.
This theory of victimization suggests that our daily behaviors influence our vulnerability to victimization.
Routine Activities Theory
Research shows that the victim-offender overlap does vary across neighborhoods and this variation is connected to attachment to the ____________ and degree of _________________.
Code of the streets and structural deprivation
What does the population heterogeneity perspective state?
Victimization and offending both are related to personality characteristics or environmental
Greg loses his job and cannot find another one. As a result, he begins to rob stores. What theory can help explain Greg's offending?
General strain theory
General strain theory is one of the few that considers victimization as a risk factor for offending.
Sub-cultural theories are similar to routine activities theories in that victimization may lead to subsequent offending.
Which theory suggests that victimization and offending is part of a broader cultural belief in the acceptability and sometimes necessity of violence?
What are the two types of theoretical arguments for explaining the relationship between victimization and offending?
Dynamic causal perspective and population heterogeneity argument
What happens to one's victimization risk the more enmeshed they are in deviant lifestyles during adolescence?
It decreases over time
What is it called when the victim is the first to use physical force against the subsequent slayer during a homicide event?
Victim precipitated homicide
Research shows that approximately _________ of the correlation between violent victimization and offending due to shared genetic factors.
What is a common motivation behind women's use of violence in intimate relationships?
The most often cited theoretical explanation given for the relationship between victimization and offending is the lifestyles and routine activities perspectives.
Who developed general strain theory?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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