33 terms

Poetry

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POETRY
One of the three major types of literature, the others being prose and drama. Most poems make use of highly concise, musical, and emotionally charged language. Many also make use of imagery, figurative language, and special devices of sound such as rhyme.
ALLITERATION
The occurrence of the same letter or sound throughout a poem.
ALLUSION
A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance
ANALOGY
A comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it.
CINQUAIN
A five-line poem of syllabic verse in which the five lines have, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables
CONNOTATION
Refers to the associations that are connected to a certain word or the emotional suggestions related to that word.
COUPLET
A style of poetry defined as a complete thought written in two lines with rhyming ends
DENOTATION
The literal meaning of a word, the "dictionary definition" of a word.
DIAMANTE
A pattern poem which is arranged in a diamond pattern using seven lines in the following manner:
line 1, one word subject (noun);
line 2, two adjectives describing line 1 noun;
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
Language used by writers to produce images in readers' minds and to express ideas in fresh, vivid, and imaginative ways
HAIKU
Japanese-style poem about nature. They are only three lines long and have the syllables of 5-7-5
HYPERBOLE
An exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis.
IMAGERY
Imagery is when the author or poet uses vivid descriptions of the five senses to describe elements of the poem - - what things look like, sound like, smell like, taste like, and feel like.
INFERENCE
A logical deduction based on an assumed "truth."
LIMERICKS
A fixed form of light verse of five lines with a rhyme scheme of aabba and specific meter, used exclusively for humorous or nonsense verse
LINE
Sentence-like structures in a poem. Each line is numbered. Sometimes they end with an end mark, comma, semicolon, colon. Other times they have no punctuation.
METAPHOR
A figure of speech which makes a hidden or inferred comparison between two things or objects that are very different from each other but have some characteristics common between them.
MOOD
The atmosphere of a literary work that evokes a certain emotion or feeling from the audience.
NARRATOR
The person telling the poem - remember boys and girls, it isn't always the poet. Narrator can also be referred to as the speaker.
ONOMATOPOEIA
The creation of words that imitate natural sounds
OXYMORON
A combination of words that have opposite or very different meanings.
PERSONIFICATION
Giving human characteristics to animals or objects. Personification Nemo
PUN
Play on words in which a humorous effect is produced by using a word that suggests two or more meanings or by exploiting similar sounding words having different meanings.
QUATRAIN
A stanza or poem of four lines, rhymed or unrhymed
REFRAIN
A refrain is a repeated part of a poem, particularly when it comes either at the end of a stanza or between two stanzas.
REPETITION
Repetition is a literary device that repeats the same words or phrases a few times to make an idea clearer.
RHYME
Rhyme is when the end or final sound of two or more words are identical.
RHYME SCHEME
The ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.
RHYTHM/METER
Sound effects poets use to create a musical beat in a poem. Readers can count the beat using the syllables in each line
SIMILE
Comparing two things using "like" or "as.
SOLILOQUY
A long, usually serious speech that a character in a play makes to an audience and that reveals the character's thoughts- when he thinks he's alone.
STANZA
A group of lines that are like tiny paragraphs of a poem.
SYMBOLISM
It is an object representing another to give it an entirely different meaning that is much deeper and more significant.