52 terms

romans

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Latins
migrated to Italy.
Romulus & Remus,
had founded the city
Etruscans
ruled much of central Italy.
Republic -
the people choose some of the elected officials.
Senate
the most powerful governing body. (300 members)
Dictator -
In the event of war the senate might choose a dictator, a ruler who has complete control over government. He only held power for six months.
Plebeians -
farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders who made up the bulk of the population,
Tribunes
in time the Plebeians gained the right to elect their own officials, called tribunes to protect their interests.
Veto -
block laws. In this case those laws that were felt harmful to Plebeians.
LEGION-
A GROUP OF ABOUT 5000 MEN WHO WERE CONSIDERED CITIZEN SOLDIERS.
cohorts-
units with around 500 men
country
units with 80-100 men
auxiliares
foreign soldiers fighting for rome
testudo-
toritsey fomation
PUNIC WARS
3 WARS BETWEEN ROME AND CARTHAGE
HANNIBAL
CARTHAGINIAN GENERAL
GAIUS AND TIDERUS GRACCHUS
STARTED THE GRAIN DOLE,
SPARTACUS
LEADS A MASSIVE SLAVE REVOLT. IT IS CRUSHED.
- 1ST TRIUMVERATE-
MARCUS CRASSUS POMPEY ceaser
CIVIL WAR BETWEEN
CAESAR + POMPLY
2ND TRIUMVIRATE
OCTAVIAN , LEPIDUS marc anthony
BRUTUS AND CASSIUS
stabbed ceaser
OCTAVIAN BECOMES
AUGUSTUS CAESAR STARTS ROMAN EMPIRE ,
SPARTACUS
augustus-
empire wen jesus was born
PAX ROMANA -
(ROMAN PEACE)
TIBERIUS-
2ND EMPEROR, MILITARY MAN ( JESUS CRUCIFIED)
CLAUDIUS-
VERY INTELLIGENT CONQUERED BRITAIN.
NERO
insane
HADRIAN
REORGANIZED ROMAN GOVERNMENT BUILT HADRIAN'S WALL ACROSS NORTHERN BRITANNIA.
MARCUS AURELIUS
LAST OF THE SO CALLED 'GOOD' EMPERORS.
LAW-
INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY
ENTERTAINMENT-
COLOSIM (GLADIATORES) CIRCUS MAXIMUM ( CHARIOT RACES)
CHRISTIANITY
IS AN EXTENSION OF FAITH THAT COMES FROM JUDAISM.
CHRISTIANS BELIEVED THAT JESUS WAS BORN TO A HOLY JEWISH VIRGIN NAMED
mary
DISCIPLES
jesuses 12 srudents,
BETRAYED JESUS AND TURNED HIM OVER TO AUTHORITIES
JUDAS ISCARIOT,
*JESUS WAS TRIED AND CRUCIFIED BY THE ROMANS GOVERNOR
PONTIUS PILATE..
*
RESURRECTED
BROUGHT HIM BACK TO LIFE FROM THE DEAD.
PETER =)
ONE OF JESUS'S DISCIPLES,
PAUL =)
FIrstT GREAT CHRISTIAN MISSIONARY
gospels-
the gospels the first 4 books of the new testament
crucifixion-
is when jesus died on the cross
resurrection
is when jesus rose from the dead on the third day
Christmas
a holiday celebrating the birthday of jesus
easter celebrates the resurrection
of Jesus
diaspora
when jewish people where scattered throughout the roman empire
DIOCLETIAN
SPLIT THE EMPIRE IN TWO HALFS
CONSTANTINE
LEGALIZED CHRISTIANITY,
ALARIC=
KING OF VISIGOTHS 410 AD SACKS AND LOOTS ROME
ATTILA=
LEADER OF THE HUNS
CHALONS
DEEATED BY THE ROMAN AND GOTHIC FORCES
476 AD
THE FALL OF ROME