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Cold War 3/10/17
Terms in this set (43)
United States policy to block Soviet influence by making alliances and supporting weaker nations
President Dwight D Eisenhower
34th president of the United States during the cold war with the Soviet Union. Former supreme Allied Commander during World War II
Program under which the United States gave economic aid to rebuild postwar western Europe
Airlift - resupply of West Berlin by United States and British planes during the Soviet blockade of 1948.
Blockade - Soviets cut off all transportation to West Berlin in an effort to starve them out.
North Atlantic Treaty organization - defensive military alliance of the United States, Canada, and 10 European nations
Senator Joe McCarthy
Republican senator from Wisconsin, who claimed Communists were taking over the federal government
List of people in Hollywood film industry who were refused jobs because they did not cooperate with the HUAC.
Term used to refer to tactic of accusing people of disloyalty without producing evidence, by Senator Joseph McCarthy he and others on people suspected of being communists in the early 1950s
The division of Europe between free and communist countries
US policy of sending aid to any nation trying to prevent a communist takeover
Leader of the communist forces in China
Leader of the nationalist forces in China
Imaginary line that divides Korea at 38° North latitude
War begun when North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950
Invasion of Inchon
US counter attack on North Korea making North Korea surrender or flee back to the 38th parallel. Gave South Korea back the land North Korea had invaded
Soviet leader after Stalin, that believed a policy of peaceful coexistence in which two powers would compete economically and scientifically
John Foster Dulles
Eisenhowers secretary of state
Policy of the US that it would defend the middle east against any attack by any communist country
The Warsaw Pact
Military alliances of the Soviet Union and its satellite nations
Worlds first artificial satellite to circle the globe. Gave Soviets a strong start in the space race
Downing of the United States spy plane and the capture of its pilot by the Soviet union on May 1, 1960, does renewing the tensions between the two superpowers
Francis Gary Powers
Pilot of an American U-2 spy plane that was shot down by the Soviets in Soviet-controlled territory.
The Cold War refers to?
The state of hostility between the Soviet Union and the United States but without military action
What is the Potsdam conference?
When the US, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union met at the final wartime conference in Potsdam(near Berlin) where they decided the Soviets, French and British+ Americans would only take reparations from their occupation zones, and gave the US access to raw materials in Eastern Europe.
What was the first serious disagreement between the U.S. And the Soviet Union after WWII?
At the Potsdam conference when the US wanted to spread democracy, but the Soviet Union refused to have free elections or democratic parties in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe that they controlled.
Whose demands did Britain and France submit to when signing the appeasement policy?
What country took over or occupied many of the Eastern European countries after WWII?
The Soviet Union
What group was formed to serve an an international peace keeping organization?
The United Nations(UN)
After WWII, how was the German capital of Berlin divided?
Soviets had control of East Berlin+French, American, and British had control of West Germany
What did George Keenan propose that the U.S. needed regarding communism?
He said that we must view the Soviets as a rival, not a partner in politics; BELIEVED IN CONTAINMENT
What were the two countries that the Truman Doctrine provided relief to in order to stabilize their economy?
Greece and turkey
What U.S. plan provided $13 billion in aid to European nations after WWII?
The Marshall plan
How did the U.S. Respond to the Soviet Union's testing of an atomic bomb?
Looked for spies that would be providing the Soviets with nuclear weapon information. Also created the H-bomb(starting the arms race)
What country provided aid to the Chinese Nationalists during their Civil War?
The united states
What were the results of the Chinese Civil War?
The communists won and set up a government called The People's Republic of China, and the Nationalists fled to Taiwan.
Which US general was in charge of the occupation of Japan as well as the UN forces at the start of the Korean War and was fired by President Truman?
General Douglas MacArthus
Which country provided troops to north Korea during the Korean War?
The Soviet Union
What policy did the US develop to keep world peace by threatening "massive retaliation" against any aggressor nation and raising tension to the edge of war?
Eisenhower Doctrine// the "new look" defense policy
Which US president was in charge when brinkmanship became a part of the US cold war policy? I'm
What countries did the CIA actively involve themselves in of the removal of the governments?
Iran, Guatemala, Soviet Union
Where did the Soviet union send troops to put down anti-Communist revolts in 1956?
What does the controversies involving Alger Hiss and Julius & Ethel Rosenberg reflect during post WWII?
Concern over communist spies in the United States
Which republican congressman gains national prominence by uncovering a communist spy in the United States government?
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