The skull of Toumaï dates from 6 to 7 million years ago and may possibly represent an ________ stage of human evolution
Of the two earliest human forms that are known, Orrorin tugensis and australopiths, which is probably the ancestor of modern humans?
One of the first tools created by hominins was _____, used to remove meat from scavenged remains
Paleoanthropologist use various measurements to distinguish Homo erectus from earlier hominins, including increased brain capacity and what changes in the ratio of arm to leg length?
Arms are shorter in relation to the legs
What distinguishes Homo florensiensis from other descendants of Homo erectus?
They were much shorter
The Levallois are of Paris provided the first evidence of what technological development?
In the nineteenth century, anthropologists such as Bachofen believed that human communities went through a cycle of gender relations, beginning with men and women sharing work, then to which a male-dominated society, then to a female-dominated society, then to a gender-balanced society again. T/F?
before it separated about 100 million years ago, Australia was part of a land mass known as Sahul and connected to what other continents
Aborigines of Australia developed the bow and arrow for hunting independently of other early humans in Africa T/F?
which members of the Australian Aborigine tribe performed the rituals associated with the Dreamtime?
aborigine settlements on the north coast of Australia traded w/people on what island for knives, pottery, and cloth
The Bradshaws of northwest Australia are examples of what aspect of Aborigine culture?
what stage of evolutionary development to Neanderthals and modern humans have in common
although possessing very different cultures, and the fact that Neanderthals were smaller, Neanderthals and Homo sapiens did interbreed T/F?
although seminomadic foragers, Paleolithic peoples invented fire ceramics to use them for what items?
bison human hybrid; human, bird, fox, antler hybrid; clothing of robes and hats; bull hunt with injured human
chauvet, trois-freres, la marche, lascaux
archaeologist J. David Lewis-Williams theorizes that the painted caves of Paleolithic era were used
for shamanistic spiritual rituals
in addition to the obvious decrease in temperatures that occurred during the Ice Age of c. 23,000 years ago, what other major climate change began then?
gradual increase in dryness around the equator
linked by temporary land bridges that existed in the ice age: asia, korea, malaysia
n. america, japan, indonesia
material evidence for human habitation in eastern Siberia during the Ice Age thawing period, c. 16,500-12,500 years ago, includes
what has the discovery of human settlements at Monte Verde in Chile and Taima Taima in Venezuela done to the theories of when humans first arrive in the Americas?
pushed the dates back by several thousand years, to before 11,500 BCE
recent theories that humans first settled in the Americas 40,000 to 30,000 years agi are based in what kind of evidence?
based on anatomical features, the fossil remains known as "spirit cave mummy" is believed ti be a descendant of what people?
Ainu of Japan