Terms in this set (52)
if a fielder throws the ball to another fielder who makes an out, he's credited with an assist
an appearance by a hitter.
if the pitcher doesn't pitch when he's started his pitching motion, it's a balk and runners are awarded an extra base.
a pitch which is called outside the strike zone, and which the hitter doesn't try and swing at.
the square bag located at each corner of the infield
a hit which allows the batter to reach first, second, third or home base, unless on a "fielder's choice".
Base on Balls
if the pitcher throws four balls, the hitter is awarded a free "walk" to first base.
the areas between the base pads are marked out with dirt. A runner cannot run outside the base paths to avoid a tag.
runners on first, second and third bases.
the member of the hitting team currently at the plate.
either side of home plate is a batter's box, in which the batter has to stand when he tries to hit the baseball.
the order in which the hitter's take their turn to come up and bat.
Bottom Half of the Inning
the half-inning of the second team (always the home team).
an attempt to hit the ball by simply dropping it close to the hitter, usually as a surprise tactic.
the middle part of the outfield.
a false swing at a pitch, where the hitter starts swinging and then tries to stop.
a base hit which allows the hitter to reach second base.
any run given up by a pitcher which was not the result of a fielding error.
a fielding mistake which is officially charged against the fielder
if the score is tied after nine innings, then extra innings are played until the score is broken.
a ball hit by the batter that stays within the foul lines between first and third base.
a defensive player, the fielding team have nine fielders, one of whom is the pitcher.
a ball hit into the air. If a fielder catches the ball, it's known as a "fly out".
an out in which the runner is put out having been forced to run to a base.
a ball hit by the batter that falls outside of the foul lines between first and third base.
the lines that extend from home base through first and third bases to the outfield walls.
a pitch that tips the bat and lands in the catcher's mitt - it counts as a strike.
a count with three balls and two strikes
a home run hit with the bases loaded (scoring four runs).
Ground Rule Double
a hit automatically awarded by the umpires when the ball lands fair and bounces out of play.
the base located at home, over which a strike must be thrown and a runner must touch to score a run.
a hit over the outside wall, or which allows a runner to reach home base.
Infield Fly Rule
- the rule that prevents the fielding side from deliberately dropping an easy catch to then make a double-play.
a strike out.
the side of the outfield behind third base.
the throw made by a pitcher to the hitter.
Pop Up/ Pop Fly
- a fly ball in the infield.
an out made by a fielder.
RBI (Runs Batted In)
any time a hitter gets a hit, a base on balls, or sacrifices and a run scores, he's credited with an RBI. A batter can also be credited with an RBI on an ordinary, non-sacrifice out.
the side of the outfield behind first base.
a hitter deliberately sacrificing his out to advance at least one runner a base.
a runner reaching base without being tagged.
a base hit which allows the hitter to reach first base.
a runner moving from one base to the next without the batter hitting the ball.
a pitch which the umpire rules is within the strike zone, or swung at and missed by the hitter.
the area above the hitter's knees, below the mid-point between the hitter's waist and shoulders, and over the plate.
an out where the pitcher retires the hitter with three strikes.
an out in which the fielder's catch a runner trying to reach base
a runner waiting on a base ready to run once a fly ball catch is completed
Top Half of the Inning
the half inning of the first team (always the visiting team).
a base hit which allows the hitter to reach third base.
a "base on balls".
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