War of 1812, Hamilton and Jefferson, etc.
Terms in this set (42)
Money Paid for protection
When trade is not allowed with any foreign countries
British law allowing "British citizens" to be forced into the Royal Navy. This troubled American sailors because they were thought to be British.
The right to sail the seas if you are not at a war with a country
Pirates on the coast of North Africa who looted American Merchant ships and were paid tribute in order to stop. They later declared war on the U.S because they didn't receive the tribute they asked for.
Burned the American warship "Philadelphia" in Tripoli Harbor
Vice President to Jefferson. Killed Hamilton in a duel. Ran for New York governor but lost due to Hamilton.
Chosen to lead the Corps of Discovery to explore the Louisiana Purchase, had a dog named "SeaBuiscut"
Co-Captain of the Corps of Discovery, took along with him his slave York.
Clark's personal slave, was almost like a brother to him and was given the rights to own a gun and vote.
Native American woman, was only 16 years old and pregnant when she joined the expedition. Later gave birth to the last person to join the expedition, Jean Baptiste.
Native American Leader of the Red Stick Confederation, died at the battle of Thames
Governor of the Indiana Territory. Defeated the Native Americans at the Battle of the THames
Tecumseh's brother. Was defeated at the Battle of tippecanoe
People who wanted to go to war with Britain, mainly because how they allied with Native Americans on the Western Frontier.
Leader of the War Hawks of Kentucky
Leader of the War hawks of South Carolina, Mouth of the south, represented everything bad with America
Francis Sott Key
Wrote the Star Spangled Banner at the Battle Of Ft.McHenry. Was stuck on a prisoner exchange ship and could not get out
American naval leader of Lake Erie, posed a great threat to the British because of his Naval skills
American leader at the battle of New Orleans, praised as a War Hero
2 masted American Warships, an example is the USS Constitution
Treaty of Ghent
Ended the war of 1812, no new land was acquired by both sides, never discussed anything about impressment. Signed in Ghen, Belgium
Jefferson's Opinions on Government
Jefferson wanted to cut the federal budget and lower taxes. He had opposed to Hamilton's plans and Albert Gallatin was appointed a Secretary of the Treasury(A brilliant financer). Gallatin convinced Jefferson to keep the national bank that Jefferson opposed. He also controlled congress to repeal unpopular taxes. During this, Alien and Sedition Acts expired. They pardoned those convicted under these acts-even refunding fines.
The Louisiana Purchase
In the 1790's most people lived on the east coast. Farmers on the Ohio River depended on Mississippi River and New Orleans. There was a secret agreement between Spain and France resulting in Louisiana to France. Jefferson wanted to buy New Orleans, but Napolean offered to sell it all, so the U.S. bought Louisiana for $15,000,000. It became the center of debate because Jefferson and the Republicans were strict interpreters of the Constitution. It doubled the size of the USA in 1803.
Right of Deposit
spent ten million dollars for New Orleans. Monroe and Livingston were sent to France.
Federalist opinion on the Louisiana Purchase
Federalists feared the new territory would become Republican, but they had to agree that much new land was good for the country.
Exploration of Louisiana
The President wanted Merriwether Lewis to explore the new area but this man wanted William Clark to come along as co-captain. They left St. Louis in the year 1804 and headed Up river on the Missouri River. Their first winter camp was in 1804 at Fort Mandan. This is where Sacagawea joined the group. They left cap and headed towards the Rocky Mountains The group made it over the mountains and were able to go down river on the COlumbia River and reached the Pacidic Ocean in the year 1805. They came nack almost the same route and returned to St. Louis in the year 1806.
1811. American Victory- Native Americans join forces with Britain.
1812. Native Americans win. Hull surrenders Detroit to British
1813. Americans win. Now control Lake Erie.
Battle of Thames
1813. Americans win. Tecumseh was killed which signals the downfall of the Red Stick Confederacy
1814. Jackson defeats the creeks and they give up most of their land. Partly ended the Creek War in the south
1814. British win mainly because Washington D.C defences weren't prepared. Also known as the "Bladensburg Races" because American's were caught running for their lives.
1814. British win and capture the capital. Burn most government buildings. Patent offices were left alone for respect of the inventors
1814. Americans win. British decide was too costly
September 12, 1814. in Baltimore. Americans win by stopping British advance. Fought on land.
September 13-14, 1814. Americans claim victory. Francis Scott Key writes a poem that becomes our National Anthem. Land and sea battle, British were trapped outside of city because of a "ship reef" that was made by American Merchant ship owners.
1815. Americans win. Fought after peace was signed. Jackson becomes a national hero.
Causes for the War of 1812
The British is taking American sailors from American ship, aka impressment
British sailors leave ships to sail on American ships because they are treated better and get paid really well
British army is supporting Native American resistance to Anglo expansion on their land
The real cause for this land i because of a poor transportation system and effects from the Embargo Act. Americans believe that seizing more land will end the depression
The United States has a desire to expand into more territory like British Canada. The real cause for this land grab is because of a poor transportation.
Americans demand respect from the world
The Hartford Convention
Several New England states fear that the war is lost and actually talk about becoming another country. Discussed about removing the 3/5ths compromise to reduce the southern population
The Impact of the War of 1812
A sense of nationalism sweeps America
The nation will embark on foreign trade and beg in to build a transportation system in the United States.
A belief and sense of pride, sparked in the United States after the War of 1812, flags were used often and the national anthem was composed.