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Algeciras Conference

Conference provoked Germany backfired on Germany over the issues of the Morocco crisis.


One who dominates the political, social, and economic life of another.

Belgian Congo

exploited by Leopold II at Belgium under the Berlin Act, Leopold was supposed to act as a trustee. He violated the agreement and stripped the country of its resources.

Boer War

English vs. Dutch settlers in South Africa. England won 1899-02, showed that English tactics were no good.

East India Company

Dutch trading company worried about colonizing the world.

Congress of Berlin

(1878) Assembly of representatives from Germany, Russia, Hungary, Britain, France, Italy, and the Ottoman Empire. Meeting was to reorganize the countries of the Balkans - led to greater nationalism.

Berlin Conference

(1885) Meeting in Berlin, called by Bismarck to regulate European colonization of Africa - led to the scramble for Africa.

Fashoda Incident

Conflict in Africa between France and Britain.

Cecil Rhodes

Born in 1853, played a major political and economic role in colonial South Africa. He was a financier, statesman, and empire builder with a philosophy of mystical imperialism.


Relationship between 2 states in which the stronger state guarantees to protect the weaker state from external aggression in return for full or partial control of its domestic and foreign affairs.

Sphere of Influence

In international politics, the claim by a state to exclusive or predominant control over a foreign area or territory.

The White Man's Burden

1899, Rudyard Kipling's poem, "The White Man's Burden," critical about imperialism.

Heart of Darkness

Joseph Conrad, 1902. The story reflects the physical and psychological shock Conrad himself experienced in 1890, when he worked briefly in the Belgian Congo.

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