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Terms in this set (41)
Growth hormone- releasing Hormone
Increased growth hormone secretion.
Growth hormone- Inhibiting Hormone
Decreased growth hormone secretion.
Increased thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion.
Corticotropin- releasing Hormone
Increased adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion.
Gonadotropin- releasing Hormone
Increased secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle- stimulating hormone.
Prolactin- Releasing Hormone
Increased prolactin secretion.
Prolactin- Inhibiting Hormone
Decreased prolactin secretion.
Increased water reabsorption (less water is lost in the form of urine).
Increased uterine contractions; increased milk expulsion from mammary glands; unclear function in males.
Increased growth in tissues; increased amino acid uptake and protein synthesis; increased breakdown of lipids and release of fatty acids from cells; increased glycogen synthesis and increased blood glucose levels; increased somatomedin production.
Thyroid- Stimulating Hormone
Increased thyroid hormone secretion.
Increased glucocorticoid hormone secretion.
Increase lipid breakdown.
Analgesia in the brain; inhibition of gonadotropin- releasing hormone secretion.
Melanocyte- stimulating hormone
Increased melanin production in melanocytes to make the skin darker in color.
Ovulation and progesterone production in ovaries; testosterone synthesis and support for sperm cell production in testes.
Follicle- Stimulating Hormone
Follicle maturation and estrogen secretion in ovaries; sperm cell production in testes.
Milk production in lactating women; increased response of follicle to LH and FSH; unclear function in males.
Increased metabolic rate; essential for normal growth and maturation.
Decreased rate of breakdown of bone by osteoclasts; prevention of a large increase in blood Ca2+ levels.
Increased rate of breakdown of bone by osteoclasts; increased reabsorption of Ca in kidneys; increased absorption of Ca from the small intestine; increased vitamin D synthesis; increased blood Ca levels.
Epinephrine and NE
Increased cardiac output; increased blood flow to skeletal muscles and to the heart; vasoconstriction of blood vessels; especially in the viscera and skin; increased release of glucose and fatty acids into the blood; in general, preparation from physical activity.
Increased Na reabsorption and K and H excretion; enhanced water reabsorption.
Increased protein and lipid breakdown; increased glucose production; inhibition of immune response and decreased inflammation.
Of minor importance in males; in females, development of some secondary sex characteristics, such as axillary and pubic hair.
Increased uptake and use of glucose and amino acids.
Increased breakdown of glycogen; release of glucose into the circulatory system.
Inhibition of insulin and glucagon secretion.
Aids in spermatogenesis, development of genitalia, maintenance of functional reproductive organs, secondary sex characteristics, and sexual behavior.
Inhibits FSH secretion.
Estrogen and Progesterone
Aids in uterine and mammary gland development and function, maturation of genitalia, secondary sex characteristics, sexual behavior, and menstrual cycle.
Inhibits FSH secretion.
Increases the flexibility of connective tissue in the pelvis area, especially the symphysis pubis.
Inhibition of gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion, thereby inhibiting reproduction; significance is not clear in humans; may help regulate sleep-wake cycles.
Possible inhibition of gonadotropin- releasing hormone secretion.
Development and function of the immune system.
Mediation of the inflammatory response; increased uterine contractions; involved in ovulation, possible inhibition of progesterone synthesis; blood coagulation; other functions.
Thromboxanes, prostacyclins, and leukotrienes
Mediation of the inflammatory response; other functions, including blood clotting.
Enkephalins and endorphins
Reduction of pain sensation; other functions.
Epidermal Growth Factor and Fibroblast Growth Factor
Stimulation of division in many cell types; embryonic development.
Stimulation of cell division of T lymphocytes.
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