How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

102 terms

Medical Terminology Ch 2

Chapter Two: Body Organization, A Living Language 5th Edition, Pearson
STUDY
PLAY
Levels of organization of the body in order from smallest to largest
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Systems, Body
No matter it's shape, all cells have a __ and __
Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus
Study of Tissue
Histology
This tissue lines internal organs and serves as a covering for the skin
Epithelial
Body standinig erect with arms at sides and palms facing forward
Anatomical
Quadrant that contains the appendix
Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
The two dorsal cavities are:
Cranial and Spinal cavity
Number of anatomical divisions in the abdominal cavity
Nine - 9
Right lower lateral abdominal near the groin is what region
Right iliac
In the thoracic cavity the lungs are found in the __ cavity and the heart is found in the __ cavity
Pleural (lungs) and Pericardial (heart)
Frontal/back plane of the body
anterior and posterior
Sagittal plane divides the body into
right and left
Transverse plane divides the body into
upper and lower
Prefix & definition of Epigastric
epi - above
Pefix & definition of Pericardium
peri - around or about
Prefix & definition of Hypochondriac
hypo - under or below
Prefix & definition of Retroperitoneal
retro - behind or backward
Distal
further away from point of attachment to the body
Prone
lying face down
Lateral
to the side
Inferior
caudal
Deep
away from the surface
Apex
tip or summit of an organ
Base
bottom or lower part of an organ
Posterior
dorsal
Superficial
toward the surface
Supine
lying face up
Anterior or Front
ventral
Medial
middle
Proximal
closer to the point of attachment to the body
Superior
cephalic
Muculoskeletal abbreviation
MS
Lateral abbreviation
lat
Right Upper Quadrant abbreviation
RUQ
Cardiovascular abbreviation
CV
gastrointestinal abbreviation
GI
Anteroposterior abbreviation
AP
Obstetrics abbreviation
OB
Left Lower Quadrant abbreviation
LLQ
Pertaining to Spinal Cord Side
Dorsal
Pertaining to the Chest
Thoracic
Pertaining to Above
Superior
Pertaining to the Tail
Caudal
Pertaining to Internal Organs
Visceral
Pertaining to the Side
Lateral
Pertaining to Away From
Distal
Pertaining to Nerves
Neural
Study of the Lungs
Pulmonology
Pertaining to the Muscles
Muscular
Pertaining to the Belly Side
Ventral
Pertaining to the Front
Anterior
Pertaining to the Head
Cephalic
Pertaining to the Middle
Medial
Define combining form of Viscer/o
internal organ
Define combining form of Poster/o
back
Define combining form of Abdomin/o
abdomen
Define combining form of Thorac/o
chest
Define combining form of Medi/o
middle
Define combining form of Ventr/o
belly
Define combining form of Anter/o
front
Define combining form of Hist/o
tissues
Define combining form of Epitheli/o
epithelium
Define combining form of Crani/o
skull
Define combining form of Cyt/o
cell
Define combining form of Proxim/o
near to
Define combining form of Cephal/o
head
Name of the skin system:
integumentary
The name of the system and function of: Heart
cardiovascular
The name of the system and function of: Stomach
digestive
The name of the system and function of: Uterus
female reproductive
The name of the system and function of: Bones
musculoskeletal (skeletal)
The name of the system and function of: Lungs
respiratory
Identify the name of the system and the function of: Kidney
urinary
Identify the name of the system and the function of: Testes
male reproductive
Identify the name of the system and the function of: Brain
nervous
Identify the name of the system and the function of: Muscles
musculoskeletal (muscular)
Body region of the Head
Cephalic
Body region of the Genitals
Pubic
Body region of the Leg
Crural
Body region of the Buttocks
Gluteal
Body region of the Neck
Cervical
Body region of the Arm
Brachial
Body region of the Back
Dorsum
Body region of the Chest
Thoracic
Body cavity of the Gallbladder
right upper quadrant
Body cavity of the Appendix
right lower quadrant
Body cavity of the urinary Bladder
midline structure
Body cavity of the Small Intestines
All
Body cavity of the Right Kidney
right upper quadrant
Body cavity of the Left Overy
left lower quadrant
Body cavity of the Stomach
left upper quadrant
Body cavity of the Colon
All
Body cavity of the Right Ureter
right lower quadrant
Body cavity of the Pancreas (majority)
left upper quadrant
Experience difficulty hearing soft voices, you would consult with
otorhinolaryngology
Experience pounding/racing heartbeat, you would consult with
cardiology
Experience excessive bleeding from the uterus, you would consult with
gynecology
Experience a fractured wrist, you would consult with
orthopedics
Experience eye pain, you would consult with
opthalmology
Experience frequent female bladder infections, you would consult with
urology
Experience a persistant skin rash, you would consult with
dermatology
Experience a stomach ulcer, you would consult with
gastroenterology