Unit 3: American Imperialism
Terms in this set (18)
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
A social theory which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background.
many criticized William Seward's purchase of Alaska from Russia for 7.2 million dollars
To add or attach
De Lome Letter
Letter by Spanish leader calling McKinley weak. Many Americans agreed but did not like foreign criticism
Volunteer Calvary made up of Ivy League athletes and western frontiersmen who volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and helped in the invasion of Cuba.
This act established Puerto Rico as an unorganized U.S. territory. Puerto Ricans were not given U.S. citizenship, but the U.S. president appointed the island's governor and governing council.
Legislation that promised the US would not annex Cuba after winning the Spanish-American war
forced into Cuban Constitution. Cuba could not make treaties with other nations; US had right to intervene in Cuba; US naval bases on Cuban land
A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power.
War between US and the Philippines and its leader Aguinaldo. The United States won, leaving the country in a state of destruction.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops.
the practice of conducting foreign or international affairs - negotiations between nations
"Big Stick" Diplomacy
The policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, meant to keep Europe out of the Americas
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($) for the right to "help" countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace