27 terms

International Organizations

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

amnesty
an official pardon for political offenses
exploitation
the act of using someone or something unfairly to the greatest possible advantage
diplomacy
the act of negotiating between nations
humanitarian
a person promoting human welfare and social reform
nongovernmental organization
a group not linked to a nation but working toward a humanitarian goal
league of nations (1919-1946)
-was formed after ww1
-was created to prevent another world war
-sought to solve international problems through diplomacy
-failed in its objectives
the united nations (est. 1945)
formed to maintain international peace and security
-uses diplomacy to solve international disputes
-provides peacekeeping forces to conflict zones
-works to solve economic, social, and humanitarian problems
-promotes human rights
structure of the UN (things in the UN)
-security council
-general assembly
-secretariat
-international court of justice
-economic and social council
the security council
(5 permanent member nations but 15 total member nations)
their goal is to maintain international peace and security with:
-resolutions
-interventions
-sanctions
international court of justice
helps to settle disputes between nations
-located in The Hague, Netherlands
-consists of 15 judges serving 9-year terms
UN
the _____ has promoted peace and international cooperation
-establishing universal declaration of human rights
-sending ____ peacekeepers to Africa and the Middle East to end conflict
-trying individuals for genocide and crimes against humanity
-providing humanitarian aid
-world health organization (WHO) -UNICEF -world bank
The UN oversees these organizations
-monitors global health and responds in time of crisis
-provides assistance to mothers and children living in poverty
-provides financial and technical assistance to developing countries
towards ending global poverty the UN developed the: Millennium development goals:
1. eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
2. combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
3. promote gender equality and empower women
4. reduce child mortality
5. improve maternal health
6. achieve universal primary education
7. ensure environmental sustainability
8. develop a global partnership for development
examples of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
-heifer international
-doctors without borders
-international red cross and red crescent
not examples of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
-USAID
-US armed forces
-republican party, democratic party
international federation of red cross and red crescent societies (IFRC)
the _______ is an international humanitarian organization
-protects and assists victims of armed conflict and natural disaster
-provides access to healthy water
-works to ensure that basic human rights laws are respected and followed
amnesty international
___________ works to promote the universal declaration of human rights, they advocate and campaign against:
-human trafficking
-denial of human rights
-arms dealing
-exploitation of refugees and migrants
the UN
Using diplomacy as a way to end conflicts between nations is one of the functions of
it served as a model for the UN
The legacy of the League of Nations was that
olive branches protect the world
What does the design of the UN flag mean?
economic and social council
Which part of the UN oversees UNICEF and WHO?
merged with red crescent
The International Red Cross is now
UN peacekeeping forces
Preventing the outbreak of a new war is the purpose of the
UNICEF
Which organization provides assistance to mothers and children living in poverty?
doctors without borders
Which organization functions to provide clinics and surgeries in developing nations?
livestock to start small businesses
Heifer International's function is to help reduce poverty by providing
1. eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
2. combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
3. promote gender equality and empower women
4. reduce child mortality
5. improve maternal health
6. achieve universal primary education
7. ensure environmental sustainability
8. develop a global partnership for development
List the Millenium Developement goals.