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BASIC SEWING EQUIPMENT

Types of supplies and equipment used by both beginning and proficient sewing enthusiasts
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tape measure
used to take body measurements
French curve
used for drawing curces areas when making alternating patterns
Dressmaker's ruler
measures and makes short straight lines
hem gauge
used for measuring and pressing items
pins
useed for laying out pattern pieces, holding two layers of fabric together while stitching and making hemlines
pin cushions
holds pins and needles that are inserted into the padded area
Magnetic pin holder
holds pins magnetically on an open surface
Dressmaker's Bent-Handle Shears
used for cutting large pieces of fabric
pinking shears
used to finish seam edges on firmly woven fabric
sewing scissors
used to trim and grade seams, , clip curves, and cut into corners
Embroidery scissors
used for detail work such as cutting threads, ripping stitches, and opening buttons
seam ripper
used for ripping out stitching
rotary cutter
cuts fabric, leather, vinyl, fil, and paper as it's rolled along the cutting board
Tailor's chalk
used for marking fabric
tracing paper
used with tracing wheel to transfer pattern markings to fabric
tracing wheel
used with tracing paper to transfer pattern markings to fabric
needles
used for hand sewing
thimble
used to push needle through fabric and protect finger while sewing by hand
needle threader
used to facilitate the process of threading an needle
point turner
used for pushing out points of collars, cuffs, etc.
Iron
used fjor pressing and ironing
ironing board
used under an iron for ironing or presisng garments
press cloth
places between iron and fabric to protect fabric form shine and the iron form fusible resins
sleeve board
used for pressing narrow areas which cannot fit ove end of ironing board
tailor's ham
used to press curved areas of a garment such as a curved seams and darts
seam roll
used for pressing seams open so seam allowwance does not dhow through to right sode of fabric
bobbin
small spool that holds the lower thread
bobbin case
holds bobbin and regulates tightness or looseness of lower thread
bobin winding spindle
holds bobbin while it is being wound with thread
feed dog
grips fabrics and moves it toward the back of the machine during stitiching
hand wheel
turns by hand control movement of the needle and the thread take up lever
needle
carries top threads through fabric to connect with bobbin thread to make a stitch
presser foot
hold fabric in place for sewing
stitch length control
shorten or lengthens stitches
stitch pattern panel
sets machine for decorative stitches
take up lever
causes upper thread to move up and down with needle to make stitches