US & Canada
vocab and questions about chapter 6
Terms in this set (55)
huge, slow-moving sheets of ice
largest mountain range in North America
the second largest mountain range in North America
located in the western part of North America in California is a mountain range
located in the western part of North America in Washington and Oregon
created by a volcano
located in Canada, east of the Interior Plains, huge region of ancient, rugged rock that covers half of Canada.
St. Lawrence lowlands
located in Canada, along the St. Lawrence river, these lowlands are the smallest land region, however, more than half of the country's population live there
also the center of Canada's manufacturing and farming
The Great Lakes
the world's largest group of freshwater lakes. Consists of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario. Of the five, only Lake Michigan lies entirely in the US. The other four lakes border US and Canada
these lakes were formed by glaciers
The Mackenzie River
Canada's longest river that forms in the Rockies and flows north into the Arctic Ocean.
The St. Lawrence River
Canada's second major river that connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. Also called the "Mother of Canada".
located in North America, it starts in Minnesota and flows through the Central Plains to the Gulf of Mexico. Also called the "Father of Waters".
stream that flows into a larger river
canada's highest peak in the Yukon
formed by the Rockies and is a boundary that separates rivers flowing toward opposite sides of the continent.
an area on the dry, sheltered side of a mountain that receives little rainfall
the area between 23 1/2 degrees North and 23 1/2 degrees South lines of latitude. Here it is always hot.
found in the far north. It is a cold, dry region that is covered with snow for more than half the year. Few people live here.
permanently frozen soil, located in the Arctic tundra.
this thaws in the summer for a very short time
regions of flat or rolling land covered with grasses, located in areas with humid climates.
a political division of Canada, much like our states.
type of rich, dark soil found in the US in the Midwest and South. This soil is fertile topsoil left by rivers after a flood.
found along the Mississippi and other river valleys
large companies that run huge farms.
example: the imperial valley in california has huge vegetable farms run by these
power generated by moving water. The Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River in the state of Washington produces more of this than any other dam in the US.
Mt. McKinley in Alaska
what is the highest mountain in north america?
where is it located?
2nd largest country in the world
has vast amounts of land
4th largest country in the world.
3rd largest population after China and India
10X more people than Canada
the Laurentian Highlands
What are the Appalachian Mountains called in Canada?
Great Plains/Central Plains
what is the huge plains area that lie between the Rockies and the Appalachian mountains? what are they called in US vs Canada?
The Great Basin
most notable feature of the region west of the Rockies?
The Great Salt Lake and Death Valley
What two places are found in the Great Basin?
which of the Great Lakes lies entirely in the US?
coal and petroleum
The US is the second largest producer of what two things?
Northern part of Alaska
Where are North America's largest oil reserves?
the size of the region
what are some factors that affect the extreme climate variations in north America?
what are the 4 major types of vegetation zones North America?
the people who live in the tundra
they make a living by fishing and hunting
Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba
what are the three canadian provinces that make up the prairie provinces?
a sea of grass
what did pioneers first call the prairies in the midwest?
small plants that live in deserts such as tumble weeds.
Great Basin and sheep eat them
desert areas with little rainfall
semi arid regions
fir and spruce
have cones that carry and protect their seeds
the rockies and appalachian mtns are blanketed with these
lose their leaves in the fall
forests in the east are mixed with both tree types
minerals (copper, gold, granite, iron ore, lead)
what are the natural resources of the united states?
industrial processes - cooling moving parts
transport goods on rivers
what are 4 important uses of water in the US?
forests (leading producer of lumber)
what are the natural resources of Canada?
soybeans and corn because the soil is rich and the area is wetter
what grows in the eastern part of the great plains?
wheat and livestock because the region is drier
what grows in the west part of the great plains?
Pacific coast of Canada, stretching almost to US border
where are the Coast mountains?
It connects the great lakes to the atlantic ocean, creating the most important transport route
why is the St. lawrence River important?
coal, petroleum, and natural gas
The US is the second largest producer of what 3 things?
east of the Great Plains
north - summers warm/winters cold and snowy
south - summers long and hot/ winters mild
covers nearly 1/3 of US
1/2 of Canada
N. Pacific Coast
prairie province in Canada
called sea of grass
corn and soybeans grow here
oil and natural gas deposits
The Canadian Shield contains much of Canadas what?
lumber, paper, plywood, wood pulp
Canada is leading producer of?
as mississippi river flows to gulf of mexico it dumps silt forming this triangular plain
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