38 terms

chapt 9, 10, 12, 14

dentist & the dental assistant work closely together to accomplish 4 goals
increase patient comfort, Provide quality dental care, Reduce the time needed for dental treatment, minimize the stress and fatigue of the clinical team
Dental Chair
Designed to support the body, with patients confort in mind. Adjustable headrest, support for the arms, swivel the chair, adjustment controls to move the chair back & 2 raise or lower chair.
Operators Stool
Designed to support the body for a long period of time. five casters for movement and balance, adjustable seat, broad base, adjustable back
Assistant's Stool
Designed to provide stability, mobility, and comfort. Broad base with platform base, wide base seat, abdominal bar, foot bar for support
Operating light
Illuminates the oral cavity. Iridescent light, track mounted
Air-water syringe
Used in all procedures to rinse or dry a limited area or the complete mouth. The air is also used to keep mouth mirror dry and clean.
Air-water syringe
Prodives a stream of water, a stream of air, and a combined sray of air & water
Oral Evacuation System
Removes excess fluids & debris from the patients mouth. Saliva ejector, High-volume evacuator (HVE)
Curing light
Activates the polymerization of resins/composites lighted wand, timer controlled
Triturates encapsulated dental materials covered for hazardous substance management, timer
Dental Unit
Provides the electrical and air operated mechanics to the equipment high and low speed handpieces, air-water syringe, saliva ejector, HVE
Three essential responsibilities in admitting the patient
Greet the patient in the preception area by name and escort back to the treatment room. Place patient's personal items in a safe and out of the way of the procedure. Answer any questions about the treatment
Posistions that the patient is placed in
1. Upright posistion, Supine Position, Subsupine position
Upright Positiion
Used for patient entry and dismissal
Supine Position
most dental treatment takes place in this position
Subsupine Position
Only during an emergency situation. The patients head is actually lower than their feet.
Static Zone
Directly behind the patient. A dental unit can be positioned here, as well as a mobile cabinet
Operator's Zone
To the side of the patient. The dentist is seated and moves in this area
Assistant's zone
To the oopposite side of the patient from the operator. A mobile cabinet can be positioned to hold the instruments and dental materials
Transfer Zone
Directly over the patients chest. this is the area where the instruments and dental materials are exchanged. special caution must be taken not to transfer anything over the patients face
Right-handed operators zone
7-12 o'clock
Left-handed operators zone
12-5 o'clock
Right-handed transfer zone
4-7 o'clock
Left handed transfer zone
5-8 o'clock
Right-handed assistants zone
2-4 o'clock
Left-handed assistants zone
8-10 o'clock
right-handed Static Zone
12-2 o'clock
Left handed Static Zone
10-2 o'clock
Types of Grasps
pen grasps, palm grasps, palm-thumb grasps
Types of rinsing
Limited area, complete mouth rinse
Limited Area
Performed frequently because debris accumulates during preparation of the tooth
Complete Mouth rinse
Performed at the completion of a dental procedure
Saliva Ejector
Used to remove small amounts of saliva or water from patient's mouth. Placement is simple and comfprtable for the patient
High-volume Oral Ejector (HVE)
Used for moisture control to remove saliva, blood, water, and debris from the mouth
The HVE tip
Used to keep the back of the mouth free from saliva, blood, water, and debris. Retract the tongue or cheek away from the procedure site. Reduce the bacterial aerosol caused by the high-speed handpiece.
Improper or careeless use
Can cause soft tissie damage. If this happens, rotate the angle of the tip to break the suction or quickly turn off to release tissue.
Isolation Technique Cottom Rolls
Used during most restorative procedures, such as placing a compsite or amalgam, or while cementing a cast restoration, and sealants.
Isolation Technique Dry-Angles
Triangle shaped absorbent pad to help isolate posterior areas in both the maxillary & mandibular arches