How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

64 terms

Ch. 4 - Medical Terminology 1313

Chapter 4 - Integumentary System Book: Exploring Medical Language 8th Edition (ISBN: 9780323073080)
STUDY
PLAY
Outer layer of skin
Epidermis
Horny, or cornified, layer composed of protein. It is contained in the hair, skin, and nails
Keratin
Color, or pigmentation, of the skin
Melanin
Inner layer of skin (also called the true skin)
Dermis
Tiny, coiled, tubular structures that emerge through the pores on the skin's surface and secrete sweat
Sudoriferous (sweat) glands
Secrete sebum (oil) into the hair follicles where the hair shafts pass through the dermis
Sebaceous glands
Compressed, keratinized cells that arise from hair follicles, the sacs that enclose the hair fibers
Hair
Originate in the epidermis. Nails are found on the upper surface of the ends of the fingers and toes. The white area at the base of the nail is called the lunula, or moon
Nails
cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o
Skin
hidr/o
Sweat
kerat/o (NOTE: this is also used to refer to the cornea of the eye)
Horny tissue, hard
onych/o, ungu/o
Nail
seb/o
Sebum (oil)
trich/o
Hair
aut/o
Self
bi/o
Life
coni/o
Dust
crypt/o
Hidden
heter/o
Other
myc/o
Fungus
necr/o
Death (cells, body)
pachy/o
Thick
rhytid/o
Wrinkles
staphyl/o
Grapelike clusters
strept/o
Twisted chains
xer/o
Dry
epi-
On, upon, over
intra-
Within
Para-
Beside, beyond, around, abnormal
Per-
Through
Sub-
Under, below
Trans-
Through, across, beyond
-a
Noun suffix, no meaning
-coccus (pl. cocci)
Berry-shaped (form a bacterium)
-ectomy
Excision or surgical removal
-ia
Inflammation
-malacia
Softening
-opsy
View of, viewing
-phagia
Eating or swallowing
-plasty
Surgical repair
-rrhea
Flow, discharge
-tome
Instrument used to cut
Define: Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin
Define: Dermatoconiosis
Abnormal condition of the skin caused by dust
Define: Dermatofibroma
Fibrous tumor of the skin
Define: Hidradenitis
Inflammation of a sweat gland
Define: Leiodermia
Condition of smooth skin
Define: Leukoderma
White skin (white patches caused by depigmentation)
Define: Onychocryptosis
Abnormal condition of a hidden nail (also called ingrown nail)
Define: Onychomalacia
Softening of the nails
Define: Onychomycosis
Abnormal condition of a fungus in the nails
Define: Onychophagia
Eating the nails (nail biting)
Define: Pachyderma
Thickening of the skin
Define: Paronychia
Diseased state around the nail
Define: Seborrhea
Discharge of sebum (oil) (excessive)
Define: Trichomycosis
Abnormal condition of a fungus in the hair
Define: Xeroderma
Dry skin (a mild form of a cutaneous disorder characterized by keratinization and noninflammatory scaling)
Define: Abrasion
Scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury
Define: Abscess
Localized collection of pus
Define: Acne
Inflammatory disease of the skin involving sebaceous glands and hair follicles
Define: Actinic keratosis
A precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to sunlight. It may evolve into a squamos cell carcinoma.
Define: Albinism
Congenital hereditary condition characterized by partial or total lack of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
Define: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
Epitheliam tumor arising from the epidermis. It seldom metastasizes but invades local tissue. Common in individuals who have had excessive sun exposure.
Define: Candidiasis
An infection of the skin, mouth (also called thrush), or vagina caused by the yeast-type fungus Candida albicans. Candida is normally present in the mucous membranes; overgrowth causes an infection. Esophageal candidiasis is often seen in patients with AIDS.