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The Great west the Agricultural Revolution
Terms in this set (25)
Former General during the Civil War, he set out in 1874 with his Seventh Cavalry to return the Plains Indians to the Sioux reservation. Defeated by an army that outnumbered his men 10 to 1.
American Indian chief, he lead the victory of Little Bighorn
Leader of Nez Perce. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations
Indian tribe led by Chief Joseph; ordered onto a reservation in Idaho in 1877, they fled instead to Canada; after giving up they were removed to a reservation in Oklahoma
Apache leader who fought U.S. soldiers to keep his land. He led a revolt of 4,000 of his people after they were forced to move to a reservation in Arizona fought against the white man, who was trying to force the Apaches off of their land.Had an enormous hatred for the whites. He was, however, eventually pushed into Mexico where he surrendered
Helen Hunt Jackson
author of "A Century of Dishonor" (1881); the book created sympathy for native americans., United States writer of romantic novels about the unjust treatment of Native Americans (1830-1885)
A cult that tried to call the spirits of past warriors to inspire the young braves to fight. It was crushed at the Battle of Wounded Knee after spreading to the Dakota Sioux. The Ghost Dance led to the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887. This act tried to reform Indian tribes and turn them into "white" citizens. It did little good.
Dawes Severalty Act
designed to break up tribal organizations, which many felt kept Native Americans from becoming civilized; divided tribal lands into plots of 160 acres or less depending on family size. US citizenship was granted to those who stayed on the land for 25yrs and adopted habits of civilized life (1887)
First discovered in 1858 by Henry Comstock, some of the most plentiful and valuable silver was found here, causing many Californians to migrate here, and settle Nevada.
Invented barbed wire. This allowed a farmer to protect his land and his crops so that wild herds would not trample the property. They can fence in the property more cheaply, and the production of barbed wire went up dramatically in 1874.
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.
Frederick Jackson Turner
American historian who said that humanity would continue to progress as long as there was new land to move into. The frontier provided a place for homeless and solved social problems.
Patrons of Husbandry (The Grange)
an organization whose purpose was to provide a social outlet and an educational forum for isolated farm families; started fighting railroads
Grangers state legislatures in 1874 passed law fixing maximum rates for freight shipments. The railroads responded by appealing to the Supreme Court to declare these laws unconstitutional with the Wabash Case
formed by farmers, wanted a reduced tariff, a graduated income tax, government control of the railroads, extension of the money supply (free silver), included Blacks (which hurt them)
eloquent kansas populist who urged farmers to "raise less corn and more hell"
Populist who led Coxey's Army in a march on Washington DC in 1894 to seek government jobs for the unemployed.
in Chicago, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the "company town", Eugene Debs had American Railway Union refuse to use Pullman cars, Debs thrown in jail after being sued, strike achieved nothing
Eugene V. Debs
Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
1897-1901, Republican, supported gold standard, protective tariff, and Hawaiian Islands, against William Bryan (The Great Commoner), assassinated
Man that promoted William McKinley's campaign, he spoke out against free silver, and took alot of the votes out from the farmers
William Jennings Bryan
Politician who ran for president 1896, 1900 and 1908 under Democrats, was a pro-silverite and Populist leader
"Cross of Gold" speech
talked about how gold would crucify farmers and those of the nation
highest tax averaging 46.5% to counteract the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act of 1894
Gold Standard Act 1900
An act that guaranteed that paper currency would be redeemed freely in gold, putting an end to the already dying "free silver" campaign. (665)