1660s and 1670s. towns on the periphery of the colony, inhabited by converted Indians, formed in cooperation with Indian chiefs (religious or defensive motive?), modeled after English villages (assimilation) because inhabitants were supposed to model English subjects (farming, clothes, hair cut, permanent houses, churches, schools). Eliot hoped they would be successful so that the inhabitants could become leaders. King Philip's War: war between natives and colonists, brief but very bloody. Eliot tried to persuade colonists to spare praying towns, but they didn't listen. They move the inhabitants (many converted) into concentration camps (most die). After this, colonists shifted to a wholesale expulsion of natives. There were very few attempts in the next 200 years to educate them. was a plan by indentured servants to rise up against authorities in Gloucester County in 1663. Nine men—John Gunter, William Bell, Richard Darbishire, John Hayte, Thomas Jones, William Ball, William Poultney, William Bendell, and Thomas Collins—met in the woods and planned an operation whereby they would collect arms and ammunition and, with perhaps as many as thirty recruits, later march on the governor's mansion at Green Spring. There they would demand that Sir William Berkeley release them from their indentures. A servant named Birkenhead betrayed them, however, and a number were arrested and four hanged. After rewarding Birkenhead with his freedom and 5,000 pounds of tobacco Chief Opechancanough launched one more major effort to get rid of the colonists on April 18, 1644, the third Anglo-Powhatan War. In 1646, forces under Royal Governor William Berkeley captured Opechancanough, at the time believed to be between 90 to 100 years old. While a prisoner, Opechancanough was carried through Jamestown before a jeering crowd and was subsequently killed by a soldier, who shot him in the back while assigned to guard him. Before dying, he reportedly said, "If it had been my fortune to take Sir William Berkeley prisoner, I would not have meanly exposed him as a show to my people." Opechancanough died (possibly) at the age of 92. He was succeeded as Weroance first by Nectowance, then by Totopotomoi, and later by his daughter, Cockacoeske, Totopotomoi's wife. Cockacoeske had a concubine relationship with Colonel John West, who was the son of the Governor of Virginia.