Terms in this set (54)
also known as Haversion system, elongated cylinders that run up and down the long axis of the bone. Each has a central canal that contains blood vessels and nerves
substance between bone cells.
layers of bone surrounding the canals of osteons
holes in the matrix of bone that hold osteocytes
tiny canals connect lacunae to each other allow osteocytes to spread nutrients to each other
located in arms and legs; examples: they're femur,humerus. long bones have these parts: diaphysis,epiphysis,articular cartilage,medullary cavity,periosteum,endosteum
the shaft of a long bone
the expanded end of a long bone. consists of a thin layer of compact bone surrounding cancellous bone.
cartilage that covers the epiphyses of long bone.functions to cushion bonnes and absorb stress during bone movements
canal that runs through the center of the diaphysis.in adults in contains yellow bone marrow,which is mostly fat
membrane that surrounds the diaphysis. contains bone-forming cells,dense fibrous connective tissue,nerves,and blood vessels
membrane that lines the medullary cavity and the holes of cancellou bone.contains bone-forming cells
located in the wrists and ankles
primarily locates in the skull and rib cage.
include vertebrae and the bones of the pelvic girdle
functions of bones
give shape to body parts like head,legs,arms, and trunk. support and protech soft structures in the body
process in which red marrow within cancellous bone produces new blood cells
process in which bone grows
bones begin as tough,fibrous membranes
bones start out as cartilage models
cells that form holes in the bones
without vitamin D?
bloodstream cannot absorb calcium from digestive tract
what stimulates for bones to increase in density?
jogging, walking briskly, or playing a sport regularly
soft spots felt on an infants skull
frontal bone/forehead bone
forms the anterior portion of the cranium
form most of the top and sides of the skull
forms the back of the skull
the large hole at the base of the occipital bone
forms the lower sides of the skull
large bump located on each temporal just behind each ear
forms part of the floor of the cranium
between the spenoid bone and the nasal bones
the smallest bones of the body
bones are more commonly calles the cheekbones
fuse together to form the bridge of the nose
is a thin bone that divides the nasal cavity
rounded process that ussually articulates with another bone
a narrow,ridge-like projection
a projection situated above a condyle
an opening through a bone that is usually a passageway for blood vessels,nerves,or ligaments
a relatively deep pit or depression
an enlargement on the end of a bone
a prominent projection on a bone
an interlocking line of union between bones
a relatively large process
a small, knoblike process
a knoblike process ussually larger than a tubercle
triangle-shaped bone that consists of five fused vertebrae.
small, triangular-shaped bone made up of three to five fused vertebrae and is considered unecessary
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Axial Skeleton | Anatomy and Physiology Guide
IWCC Vet Tech A&P Ch 6
human phys ch 3: skeleton pt 1
Anatomy: Skeletal System
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
EML ch. 5
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 24 The Muscular System
Organization of the Body
Organization of the Body
Chapter 22: Organization of the Body