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Smallest and most abundant plasma proteins; Contributes to viscosity and osmolarity, influences blood pressure, flow and fluid balance
Plasma proteins that provide immune system functions (alpha, beta, and gamma subclasses)
Albumins, Globulins (Antibodies), Fibrinogen
3 Major Categories of Plasma Proteins for Clotting, Defense, and Transport of Solutes
Pluripotent Stem Cells (PPSC)
Can multiply continually and are capable of differentiating into multiple cell lines; Formerly called hemocytoblasts or hemopoietic stem cells
Blood formation in the lymphatic organs; Widely distributed in lymphoid tissues (thymus, tonsils, lymph nodes, spleen, and peyers patches in intestines) and produces lymphocytes
Principle functions are the carry oxygen from lungs to cell tissues and pick up carbon dioxide from tissues and bring back to lungs
Carry out anaerobic fermentation to produce ATP (indefinitely) so as not to use oxygen needed for tissues
Chains present in fetal hemoglobin that allow extraction of oxygen from the mother's blood stream
Proteins, Glycoproteins,Glycolipids; Complex molecules on surface of cell membrane that are unique to the individual; Used to distinguish self from foreign matter
Proteins (gamma globulins) secreted by plasma cells; part of immune response to foreign matter; bind to antigens and mark them for destruction; forms antigen-antibody complexes
Antibody molecule binding to antigens and stick them together; Causes clumping of red blood cells; Responsible for mismatched transfusion reaction
Least abundant formed element; protect against infectious microorganisms and other pathogens
Leukocytes with specific granules that contain enzymes and other chemicals employed in defense against pathogens
Least common leukocyte; Granulocyte with large, abundant, violet granules and an S-shaped nucleus
Agranulocyte with a uniform dark violet nucleus in bluish cytoplasm (that can be scanty to abundant)
N - L - M - E - B
Leukocytes in order of Most Abundant to Least Abundant (use first letter, with - between)
Secreted by basophils and promotes mobility of other WBCs in the area; prevents clotting (anticoagulant)
Function in reducing blood loss, forming plugs to seal small breaks, secreting clotting factors, initiating formation of clot-dissolving enyme, phagocytizing and destroying bacteria, and secreting growth factors to repair blood vessels
Live in bone marrow adjacent to blood sinusoids; gigantic cell with a multilobed nucleus
Long tendrils of cytoplasm that protrude from the megakaryocytes into the blood sinusoids
Platelet Plug Formation
Second step of hemostasis; Platelet pseudopods stick to damaged vessel and other platelets, platelets degranulate
Goal of coagulation is to convert plasma protein fibrinogen into insoluble ___ threads to form framework of clo
Factors released by damaged tissue begin cascade; Damaged vessels and parivascular tissue
Factor X - Prothrombin Activator - Prothrombin - Thrombin - Fibrinogen - Fibrin
6 Steps of Completion of Coagulation (In Order)
Natural anticoagulant that interferes with formation of prothrombin activator (from basophils and mast cells)
Natural anticoagulant that deactivates thrombin before it can act on fibrinogen (from liver)
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