89 terms

SWK 201 Test 1

Terms for test 1
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Terms in this set (...)

Change Agent (p. 26)
A social worker or other helping professional or a group of helpers whose purpose is to facilitate imporvement
Council on Social Work Education (p. 3)
Nonprofit national association that does the sole accrediting for social work education in the US
Diversity Persepctive (p. 11)
Theoretical framework that emphasizes the broad and varied differences of social workers and their clients and how these differences can enhance society
Ecological Systems Framework (p. 10)
Persepctive with emphasis on understanding people, their environments, and their transactions; mjor concepts of this orientation include goodness of fit between people and the environment, reciprocity, and mutuality
Educational Policy and Accreditation (p. 17)
The criteria used to guide schools of social work in development of professional social work curricula as outlined by the Council on Social Work education
General Systems (p. 8)
Belief that the behavior of people and societies is explained by identifying the components of subsystmes of the larger system and how those subsystems interact and impact on the larger system; holistic framework concerend with system boundaries, roles, relationships, and interactions between people in the system or its subsystems
Micro Practice (p. 3)
Work to help individuals, families, and small groups function better within the larger environment
Macro Practice (p. 3)
Work to change the larger social environment so that it benefits individuals and families
National Association of Social Workers (p. 4)
Membership organization of professional social workers to enhance the professional growth and development of its member, creates and maintains professional standards, and advances socail policies
Person-In-Environment (p. 7)
Perspective used by social workers to understand clients experiencing difficulties with their roles, self perceptions, and expectations, in their interactions with others and in the context of their surrounding environment
Self-Determination (p. 25)
Client's making own choices, repesct value of social workers
Standards for Cultural Competence in Social Work Practice (p. 12)
Guides effective social work practice with diverse population. Culturala competence refers to the behaviors, knowledge, skills, and attitudes that allow social workers to respond effectively across cultures.
Strengths Persepctive (p. 10)
View that emphasizes in using clients' strengths, resources, support networks, and motivations to meet challenges; focus on clients' assets rather than problems or dysfunction
Empowerment (p. 11)
Psychological state that reflects a sense of competence, control, and entitlement, allows one to pursue concrete activities aimed at becoming powerful, anf gives control over the environment, which makes it possible for people to improve their lives
Theory
A systematic set of interrelated statements intended to explain some aspect of social life or enrich our sense of how people conduct and find meaning
Cash Assistance
Provision of resources through financial transfers
Charity Organization Society
Associations begun in the 1870s with the primary goals of learning what caused individual poverty and providing organized services to alleviate poverty, and an emphasis on serving individuals and their families
Civil Rights
Rights to which people are entitled because they are members of society, including equal protection under the law, which its often regarded as protection from discrimination and oppression
Devolution
Decreasing the federal government's role in social welfare and turning responsibility back to the local level
Elizabethan Poor Laws
First social welfare policy implemented in colonial America, which outlines the public's responsibility for people who were poor
Entitlements
Guarenteed social support to all eligble persons through services or financial remuneration without time limits
In-Kind Benefits
Aid in the form of tangible items
Instiutional
Preventive socail welfare services built into the institutional structures of society
Public Assistance Programs
Means-tested social welfare programs designed to alleviate poverty
Residual
Social Welfare Services designed to address an identified problem
Settlement Movement
Organized social welfare efforts begun in the late 1800s to help people who were poor, particulary immigrants, included workers living within the community and providing services from their dwelling or settlement
Social Insurance Programs
Social welfare programs designed to prevent poverty that are based on shared contributions made while people are working to be used later to provide services and benefits
Social Security Act of 1935
Legislated federal policy that provides longterm protections thorugh social insurance and aid to people in poverty through public assistance
Social Welfare System
Collection of programs, resources, and services available to help people
Voting Rights Act
Passed in 1965; Prohibited segregation, discrimination, and measures denying people of color to vote
War on Poverty
General term used to describe the social welfare policies programs of the 1960s that were designed to alleviate poverty
Mary Richmond
Associated with social workers making house calls
Absolute Poverty
Level of economic need determined by a set dolar amount
Culture of poverty
Belief that people learn to be poor from growing up in impoverished areas
Devolution of Services
Movement of social programs from the federal level to the state level
Feminization of Poverty
Trend that poverty is more likely to happen to women
Juvenilization of Poverty
Tendency for children to be didproportionately represented in the ranks of those who are poor
Poverty Guidlines
Guidlines for use of Department of Health and Human Services poverty line to determine eligibility for social services
Poverty Threshold
Census Bureau absolute measure of poverty, used for statistical purposes
Realtive Poverty
State of being poor determined by comparisons
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
Food assistance program run by the Department of Agriculture
Supplemental Security Income
Cash assistance to people who are poor and older, or poor with disabilities
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
Cash assistance program for poor families
Underemployed
Working but not earning a sufficient income
Unemployed
Physically able to work but unable to find employment
Working Poor
Employed, but earnings are not sufficient for meeting basic needs
Ableism
Oppression of people with disabilities
Affirmative action
Plans by employers and educational institutions
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Law that protects employees over 40 years old from age discrimination in their work place
Ageism
Beleife that in the superiority if youth over age and the systematic oppression of people because they are older
Americans with Disabilities Act
Legislation that provides civil rights protections for people with disabilities
Anti-Semitism
Systematic discrimination, oppression, or belief in the inferiority of Jews
Civil Rights
Rights to which people are entitled because they are members of a society, including equal protection under the law, which is oftern regarded as protection from discrimination and oppression
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Legislation that prohibits segration and disrimination based on race
Civil Rights Act of 1968
Legislation that prohibits discrimination in housing
Classism
Instituitonal and cultural attitudes and behaviors that stigmatize the poor and place a higher value on wealtheir people
Cultural Pluralsim
People mixing socially and economically with other groups while retaining their unique cultural characteristics
Defense of Marriage Act
1996 Federal law enacted to define marriage as only between a man and a woman and to permit states not to recognize as legal marriages those between persons of the same sex as sanctioned by other states
Discrimination
Actions of treating people differently on the basis of their membership in a group, usually involving denial of something
Employment Non-Discrimination Act
Proposed legislation that would prohibit employers from discrimination based on sexual orentation
15th Amendment
Consitutional amendment of 1870 that gave all men, regardless of race, the right to vote
14th Amendment
Constitutional amendment of 1868 that offered early civil rights protections
Hate Crimes
Illegal acts against people because of their race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, ability, or gender
Heterosexism
Institutionalized bias directed as gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, and people who are transgender
Homophobia
Fear of homosexuality or fear of gay men and lesbians
Institutional Disrimination
Disrcimintation built into the norms and institutions of society and enforced by those in power
Matthew Shepherd and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act
2009 federal law that empowers the Department of Justice to investigate and prosecute biasmotivated violence and aid state and local jursidictions with investigations and prosecutions of bias-motivates crimes
19th Amendement
Constitutional amendment of 1920 that guarenteed women the right to vote
Oppression
Systematic and persuasive mistreatment of people based on their connection, identity, or belonging to a certain group
Prejudice
Attitude of judging or disliking groups and individuals based on myths and misconceptions
Privilege
Social and economic advantages that are ascribed to members of dominant groups
Racism
Systematic mistreatment of people based on their race
Separatism
Situations in which social groups live in the same country, but do things as separetely as possible
Sexism
Oppression that grows out of the beleife that men are superior to women
Social Justice
Level of fairness that exists in human relationships and overall in society
Functionality of Poverty
Poverty plays an important role in the economic structure, providing a pool of low-wage jobs
Biological Determinism
Social and economical status is biologically determined. People achieve a certain social and econmic status based on innate biological characteristics
Socialization Process
People learn from observation. Children do what they see their parents and other adults do
Psychological Perspectives
Bias is caused by psychological conditions such as fear of the unknown. Icludes scapegoating and projection
Sociological Perspectives
Scarce resources and economic insecurity cause conflict bewteen groups. Discrimination and oppression serve econmic purposes and benefit those in power.
Melting Pot
Exposure to the mass media and a common education system would cause all those living in the US to loose their cultural uniqueness and become "Americans"
Colonial Period 1690-1800
Elizabethan Poor Laws; Individualism and limitless natural resources; Monostaries and Convents
Pre-Civil War Period 1801-1860
Residental Institutions; Placing similar people with similar problems together, ex: prisons, poor houses, asylums, orphanges
Civil War-Post War 1861-1874
1st Federal Intervention; Segregation, Importance of federal government as a resource for those in need
Progressive Era 1875-1925
BIRTH OF SOCIAL WORK PROFESSION; Importance of environment of structural factors. Basic rights for workers. Need for socail responsibility
Great Depression/New Deal 1926-1940
Social insurance and public assistance; Social and econom conditions contribute to economic distress. The federal government should correct economic imblances
World War II and After 1941-1959
GI Bill; Individual well-being and home/family life, particularly nuclear families. Soldiers/Veterans should be honored and supported
Social Reform Period 1960-1975
War on Poverty; Social Responsibility, Question Authority; Civil Rights Movement
Retrenchment Period 1976-2000
Devolution-Cutbacks and local control; Individual and family responsibility, external aid only for the "worthy" poor.