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ESP OB/GYN Ovarian Pathology
Chapters 7-ovarian pathology
Terms in this set (64)
What is frequently multilocular and the largest of the functional cysts
Theca lutein cysts are associated with
trophoblastic diease; high levels of hCG
Hemorrhage is most common in what ovarian cyst?
corpus luteal cyst
right sides ovarian torsion can mimic
In ovarian torsion is it possible to have arterial flow without venous flow?
Stein-Leventhal syndrome is AKA
polycystic ovarian syndrome
what is an endocinologic disorder associated ith chronic anovulation
WHo is PCOS most commonly found in?
teens to twenties
Stein-Leventhal syndrome has clinical signs of
obesity, oligomenorrhea, hirsutism, infertility
is PCOS unilateral ot bilateral?
What account for 40-50% of all malignant ovarian neoplasms
Benign serous tumors occur most commonly in women
40-50 years old
who do malignant serous tumors most commonly occur in
What is a type of serous tumor with a solid component?
Which are typically larger tumors, serouc or mucinous
Benign serous tumors appearance:
anechoic, sharply marginated, large, unilocular, possible internal thin-walled septation
malignant serous tumor appearance
MULTILOCULAR, projections/septations, echogenic materal within, ASCITES
benign mucinous tumors are common at what age? and are rarely
30-50; bilateral very very rarely
malignant mucinous tumors occur at what age
40-70 year old
malignant mucinous tumors are associated with what
benign mucinous tumor appearance
multiloculated with thick and multiple septations, fine echoes, up to 50 cm
complex by predominantly cystic in appearance?
malignany mucinous tumor appearance
multiloculated, 15-30 cm, echogenic material, papillary projections
80% of ____ tumors are malignant
Do serous/mucinous or endometroid have better prognosis
"Tip of the iceberg" describes what pathology?
patients with endometroid tumors have associated
sonographic appearance of endometroid tumor
___ tumors are almost lways malignant
Brenner tumor is what type?
transitional cell tumor
most brenner tumors are how big?
smaller than 2 cm
echogenic, mulilobulated, solid mass
hypoechoic solid mass, may have calcifications, small
in adults what are the majority of germ cell tumors?
benign and cystic
germ cell tumors make up ___ % of ovarian neoplasma in children and adolescents
1/3 of germ cell tumors in children and adolescents are: benign or malignant?
What is the most common benign germ cell tumor?
Cystic teratomas usually occur in who?
women of reproductive age
cystic teratoma aka
Patients have elevated AFP
Yolk sac tumors
a germ ceel tumor is composed of three layers
endoderm, mesoderm, ectoderm
Most common complication of cystic teratoma is
Meigs' syndrome is commonly associated with
cystic with mural nodule with shadow, highly echogenic that shadows, multiple echogenic linear interfaces/hairfibers, fluid, calcifications
Tumor that occurs primarily in women under 30 years old
The second most common malignant ovarian germ cell neoplasm after ____.
Yolk sac is second most common
dysgerminoma is most common
Half of all sex cord-stormal tumors are
are fibromas benign or malignant?
Meigs' syndrome refers to
ascites and plueral effusion
fibroma has a similar appearance to a
postmenopausal women who present with clinical signs of estrogen or androgen activity
are thecomas usually bilateral or unilateral
juvenile granulosa cell tumors result in
granulosa tumors often produce
large tumors that are multiloculated and cystic, similar to cystadenomas
About half patient present with masculinization
androblastomas or sertoli-leydig tumor
The most common primary sites of ovarian mets are tumors of the
breast and GI tract
This specific metastatic ovarian cancer most commonly arises from gastric carcinoma, but also large intestine, appendix, and breast
sonographic appearance of krukenberg tumor
bileral enlarged solid ovarian masses, necrotic changes, ascites
____ is the 4th leading cause of cancer death
women who have used oral contraceptives are at higher or lower risk for ovarian cancer?
malignant tumors show what doppler characteristics
low resistance and high diastolic flow velocties
On a doppler scale, a score of ___ points to malignancy
solid, papillarities, no shadowing, thick septations, mixed echogenicities
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Penny OB/GYN Ch.20 Review
Davies OB GYN ultrasound, lecture
Penny OB/GYN Ch.22 Review
Davies Ob/Gyn Part I
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