20 terms

Art History - Conquer Chartres

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Terms in this set (...)

Notre Dame (Chartres Cathedral)
Gothic architecture
completed in 1220 after fire damaged previous churches
"high point of French Gothic art"
Sancta Camisa
Holy Tunic of Mary
Chartres Cathedral
Given to church in 9th century AD
Cologne Cathedral of St. Peter
Gothic architecture
location occupied by Christian buildings since 4th century AD
construction began in 1248, wasn't completed until 1880
Ambulatory
continuation of the aisled spaces to form a continuous processional way
Barrel vault
extrusion of a single curve along a given distance.
Rib vault
a vault supported by or decorated with diagonal ribs.
Apse
semicircular recess covered with a semi-dome/half-dome
Cathedra
site of the bishop's seat
Crossing
junction of the four arms of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church
Nave
long narrow central hall in a cruciform church
Radiating chapel
projecting chapels arranged radially around the ambulatory (only on the east end)
Side aisle
one of the lateral aisles of a building
Transept
either of the two parts forming the arms of the cross shape
Narthex
entrance/lobby area in a church
Tympanum
semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, door or window
Flying buttresses
arched stone/brick structure built against a wall to help give it strength
Monastery
where monks reside
Pilgrimage church
church to which pilgrimages are regularly made, or a church along a pilgrimage route (St. Foy, Le Puy)
Gothic architecture
flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period
characterized by cavernous spaces with the expanse of walls broken up by overlaid tracery (circular stonework that holds stained glass)
developed in France
Romanesque architecture
architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches
simpler, more interior decorations/ornaments
developed in Italy
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