psy 346 midterm
Terms in this set (15)
A motivation researcher interested in understanding why a person eats a meal needs to answer all of the following questions, except
How is food digested?
Motivation study concerns itself with those processes that give behavior its
energy and direction.
People often say that the best way to motivate others is to increase their self-esteem, as in "Find a way to make people feel good about themselves, and then all sorts of good things start to happen." In response to this approach to motivation, the textbook concluded that:
practically no evidence supports this approach to motivation
The time a person delays a response following an initial exposure to a stimulus event (e.g., how much time it takes before one starts studying upon entering the library) is called:
Among the following questions, which is considered to be a core, perennial question within motivation study?
What causes behavior?
_________ are conditions within the individual that are essential and necessary for the maintenance of life and for the nurturance of growth and well-being.
Pairing "science" and "motivation" in the phrase "motivational science" means that answers to motivational questions require:
data-based, empirical evidence to validate objectively one's claims about how motivation works.
A motivational psychologist would agree with each of the following statements, except:
To adapt optimally, people need positive, approach-based motives rather than aversive, avoidance-based motives.
Which of the following statements best defines motivation? Motivation is:
a force that energizes and directs behavior.
_____ is the time interval between the initiation of a response and its cessation
If you were going to measure how motivated a person was, you could:
all of the above.
measure the effort, persistence, and latency of their behaviors
measure how actively involved the person was in a task
measure their heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate
Which of the following proved to be an important criticism to refute instinct theory?
Instinct theory confuses naming with explaining.
Whose theory of motivation is being summarized: The purpose of behavior is to serve the satisfaction of bodily needs. If need-based energy accumulates unchecked over time, motivation arises as a sort of emergency warning system in the form of psychological anxiety that signals action needs to be taken. Once action is initiated, both bodily need and psychological anxiety are quieted.
Freud's drive theory
In terms of the historical study of motivation, what was so important about the fact that motivational thinkers began to emphasize the active nature of the person?
the understanding that motivation is a constant, ever-present, never-ending, and universal aspect of every living person.
The textbook concludes that contemporary motivation study is in a new paradigm.
What is so new about the new paradigm?
The contemporary landscape is more like an intellectual democracy of ideas than it is like the kingship of the grand theories era.
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