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Lee'S HUM 1 IDs and Selected Themes for UCSD
Terms in this set (55)
Sequentia (Sapientia) et Eloquentia
Knowledge, moral philosophy, and ethics AND the art of communication.
Cicero coined "Sapientia et Eloquentia" and it became the motto of the humanists in their goal to be the best humans they could be.
Sapientia was applied to subjects such as history, literature, and philosophy. Eloquentia was applied to grammar and rhetoric.
Polytheistic religion, based on nature where wood dominated nature, often revered through the use of idols(small statues), i.e. Ra (Sun), Zeus (Sky), etc; not devil-worship! (the concept of the devil is barely touched in our readings)
While important and accepted in Greek literature, the idea of worshipping anything other God in the Tanakh is blasphemous. Brings us to the issues with the Golden Calf worship.
"Lord" used to reference God not in name, by E author, signaling a different authorship from the J author
Canaanites's term for God; this version focused more on fertility and revealed a human-like personality (Sidenote: "El" means God and "Baal" means lord)
God's true name only revealed to Moses, not before. Used by the J author.
Also notable, in German, Y is pronounced as J, while W doesn't exist, and is instead replaced with V--
The five books of Moses. Common belief that Moses wrote the Torah.
son of Chieftain, Hamor, who rapes or defiles Dinah which makes her lose honor as she has lost her virginity outside of marriage
the fourth son of Jacob; receives his blessing; after having his two sons die by the will of God, he sleeps with Tamar, giving birth to King David lineage
the place of "quarreling" for water; the first story, in Exodus, without Aaron is JE, while the second story, in Numbers, with Aaron is P, here it is said that Moses "does not keep the Lord's sanctity" and hits the rock twice.
motif of fake idolatry or icon, first made by Aaron for the Israelites during Moses' absence, incurring God's anger, leading to Aaron's banishment from the promise land. The same lines are repeated by the J author in criticism of Jeroboam's cows in Israel after the split.
food provided by God that fed Moses and the other Israelites for 40 years. It appears like dew in the morning that lands on the ground that apparently tastes like wafers. Should only gather as much as need, no more or it goes bad.
means "Covenant" in Latin. The agreements/contracts of God with Noah, Abraham, Moses , and David.
To Noah He promises that, "Never again will all life be destroyed by the waters of a flood" and the sign is a rainbow. He reveals his name to be Elohim.
To Abraham He promises that his sons shall be "as numerous as the stars
and will found nations. The sign is circumcision. His name here is El-Shaddai (God Almighty).
To Moses He promises prosperity for the Israelites, the promised land Canaan, and that the Israelites will be the special people to God. The sign is the Sabbath. His name is Yahweh.
To David He promises a dynasty that will never be broken. There is no name given, nor is there are sign/token.
The anointed one or earthly king. The first three messiahs were Saul, David, and Solomon, in chronological order. The Israelites wanted a king to govern them like all other nations. God tells Samuel that the people have rejected Him, although still chooses a messiah to lead the Israelites against the Philistines. The Christian's took the concept of messiah and said that Jesus was descendant from David's line, though the Christian messiah is not an earthly king. Christos means Messiah in Greek.
"Surely obedience is better than sacrifice"
Samuel scolds King Saul when the latter keeps the spoils of Amalek, such as King Agag, his best sheep, and other valuables when he was told to "prostigate" them. He later repents and claims that the spoils are sacrifices.
Consequence: God regrets that he made Saul king (did God confess a mistake?) and never speaks to him again. Samuel never sees Saul after this. It is his second transgression.
Descendants of Moses who ruled Shiloh, the revered city where priests lived and protected the arc of covenant. Eli was chief priest. They ruled equally with the Aaronids under David until they sided with Adonijah, where they were banished to "Bakersfield" in the north (Israel) and never reinstated even after the split.
descendants of Aaron, once part of the Levites but branched off from the Mushites; believe that Aaron is the first priest, so no sacrifices occurred before Aaron, because for Aaronids, sacrifices can only be done by priests. Ruling religious faction, P author was most likely an Aaronid, as well as the second redactor.
The sword shall never depart from your house
Prophet Nathan declares this curse upon David after he kills Uriah the Hittite and commits adultery with his wife; his son dies
The men and their heirs are expected to maintain their covenant, or testamentum, with God. The first patriarchs, considered to be the spiritual fathers of Judaism, are Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
Moses and Aaron
There are two Meribah stories.
The first is in Exodus where Moses gets water for the Israelites by tapping the rock as God said. This is an act of obedience.
The second story is in Numbers, where Moses again taps the rock for water but somehow this is an act of ultimate disobedience. God punishes Moses and Aaron by not letting them enter the promised land. Aaron's name is usually added to what Moses does, but here he is elevated to the same level as Moses since both are not allowed into Canaan.
For her virginity, youth, and beauty, she symbolizes David's decrease in virility, and since virility was essential to the fulfillment of the covenant. This means that her possession was eventually linked with the possession of the crown for David, Solomon, and Adonijah.
David's inability to have children with her (or even have sex) represented the end of his time as King, as virility = power.
The guardians in the Temple of Jerusalem that guard the Arc of Covenant built by Solomon. Plated with gold, they resided in the inner holy. They become the motivation for Jeroboam to build the Golden Calves, which the J author sees as bad.
First Redactor; he combined the stories of both the Hezekiah priests and the Hilkiah priests, meaning the J and E stories.
Can be seen in _______________________
Deuteronomistic History - from Deuteronomy to II King, written during the reign of Josiah (with help of Hilkiah and his scribe Baruck); the author supports Josiah's reign using propaganda
the theory that the Hebrew Bible was written by multiple authors: J, E, D, P, and R; an explanation for why two (different) versions of a story may appear in the text
The OP prophet that was considered most powerful after Moses. His student was Elisha (baldy man who mauled children with a bear). He is most well known for setting a sacrifice on fire with only the help of god (and then killing all the prophets of Baal). Also was one of the only 3 figures in the Tanakh to part water (Moses, Elijah, and Elisha). Did not die, but was carried by a flaming chariot. Was known to be a hairy man.
Questions who is truly the writer of the Iliad, and the possibilities are represented by the Unitarians, and the Analysts. Evidence is given in the form of the Oral Formulaic Composition, which suggests at least that it could have been a compilation of many different bards' version of the same story.
Unitarians (Theory 1)
Group of people who believe The Odyssey and The Iliad were both created by Homer, or one single person.
Analysts (Theory 2)
Belief that Odyssey and Iliad were created by a combination of different authors
Oral Formulaic Composition (Theory 3)
A performance by multiple bards using certain formulae comprised of repeated words and phrases when referring to particular subjects in the epic.
Example: "grey eyed Athena"
This was to help them memorize the epic, as well as filler (in order to stall).
"Rage" [Commonly used for Gods]
The very first word in the Iliad
"Me'nis" is used to describe Achilles as well as "divine wrath", therefore comparing him to the gods. There's no other place that uses this word to describe another "human".
The word sets apart Achilles from others.
Honor paid to a hero by peers
Honor in this sense is typically in the form of a physical object. During war, a warrior can get something, a reward such as Achilles' war prize Briseis (Agamemnon's prize Chryseis), which is also his Time. It is important because a warrior's Kleos depends on the Time, one cannot exist without the other.
The pursuit of improvement of oneself and the idea that the chase is better than the catch. In Greek warrior culture, it leads to honor and glory - time and kleos.
Basically whenever Prof. Lee asks us to think for ourselves so we can be the best we can be.
An example is Patroclus and his courage to take initiative during hard times.
Very likely to be on the test! He mentions this word all the freakin time!
Lecture 11, 12
Usually 3 female characters "witches" that tell fortunes and prophecy. Often depicted controlling the thread of life
<still need to state examples>
Is a very human thing as the gods are not bound by Moira as they can't die. (As Moira specifically represents the fate of death) humans being bound by Moira allows for the strive for Arete.
e.g. Achilles' eventually death, Hector's death, Sarpedon's death, etc.
Lecture 11, 12
A headdress, a symbol of marriage
Also a battlement in a castle
Example: Andromache's headdress falls off when Hector is killed, and it symbolizes the fall of Troy, and the destruction of the battlements.
Lecture 11, 12
a scene in the epic poetry where a hero in battle has his best moments.
Example: Patroclus' Aristeia is killing Trojans. Because of Patroclus's aristeia, Achilles is no longer withdrawn. His desire for revenge motivates the rest of the Iliad
Lecture 11, 12
The pursuit of reputation that exists after death
Comes from the word "hear"
Kleos is performing great deeds that allow the possibility to gain Time (honor)
Example: Achilles is basically ensured this when he goes into battle; either he doesn't fight and he lives a whatever existence, or he does fight, die, but live in eternal glory.
Lecture 11, 12
The use of a description art to describe a larger object or scene.
Example: Achilles' shield show two civilized life.
1. Human's celebrating (peaceful life)
2. war and death
The contrast shows each aspect of human existence. The irony of this description is that the beautiful scene is pictured on the instrument of war and death.
Hospitality, guest friendship; there is a certain set of rules that are made to be expected because of xenia.
Guest and host can transcend the hatred.
Example: Diomedes and Glaucus meet on the field of battle from opposing sides in the Iliad. Because their grandparents knew one another, they agree to not injure one another Glaucus also trades his gold helmet for Diomedes' bronze helmet.
Also notable: The curse of the house of Atreus is due to a break of Xenia when Atreus feeds his brother Thyestes the flesh of his own children.
Prizes, or slaves
Example: Briseis and Chryseis
Notable because when Agamemnon takes Achilles' geras, he more or less leaves him without any sort of acknowledgement or reward for his work.
Human form of Time.
Sacrificed by Agamemnon in order to appease the Goddess Artemis. She was avenged (?) by her mother, Clytemnestra, in Agamemnon.
She is a prime example of the recurring themes of free will and choice for Agamemnon, as well as those of the duties of a father and a warrior.
Oikos vs. Polis
Family or household, and City or State
Example: Antigone represents Oikos, or her duty to her family and home, while Creon is Polis, where he considers himself to be first and foremost loyal to law and his city.
Hubris is overweening pride. This is often linked to hamartia, "tragic flaw" (originally meaning "to miss the mark"). This theme is often brought up in the story of Oedipus, although it should be noted that the lack of humility was not considered by the Greeks as a flaw.
Riddle of the Sphinx
"What goes on four feet in the morning, two feet at noon, and three feet in the evening?"
The answer was man, and answered by Oedipus. However, the riddle can also be seen as a metaphor for his own life and his own knowledge.
Oid+Pod = Swollen+Foot
Also, Oida means 'to know'
His 4 flaws:
1) he never asks ~the question~ (how many people attacked Laius?)
2) free will or fate?
3) lack of self knowledge
4) hubris (but is this so? Oedipus' pride was not seen in a negative light during the time)
Theme repeated throughout Oedipus, revolving about the conflict between knowledge and perception. Teresies, while blind, can "see" the truth, Oedipus' actual circumstance, while Oedipus, while sighted, does not. Oedipus' act of blinding himself can be seen as his opening his eyes to truth: his senses have misguided him, only rationality, nous, can guide him truly.
Actor in the Story of Life
Are we acting based off a script?
Are we improvising?
Or was there never a script to begin with?
Does fate exist in a human world?
Refers to characters that do not change throughout the story (static characters). Especially relevant in Antigone, where Antigone does not yield and Creon only yields at the end.
The eloquent, rhetoric-obsessed people that Socrates finds himself disgusted with. They care more about money and winning, than they do about truth and justice (what Socrates found to be most important).
Our view of sophistry is obviously skewed due to the fact all of our information on it comes from Plato/Socrates, who didn't like them to begin with anyways .
"Unexamined Life is Not Worth Living"
Fundamental concept valued by Socrates. He stresses the importance of knowing oneself (or at least trying) on an intellectual level.
A gadfly is an insect that annoys and awakens a horse. Socrates views himself as a necessary gadfly to Athens, aiming to awaken the great intellect that he believes resides there.
Means Defense, not to Apologize. This is the title of Plato's Dialogue documenting Socrates' trial in Athens. Socrates is accused of
1. Corrupting the Youth
2. Not believing in the City's gods.
Socrates defends himself against 1 by claiming that he could not have willingly corrupted the youth and therefore should not have been brought to court, but rather educated in the proper forms of right action. He goes even further, suggesting that he alone benefits the youth.
Socrates never actually defends himself against 2. Rather, he defends himself against Meletus' revised claim that he does not believe in any gods at all (26e4). He believes it is evident that he does believe in gods (at least one) because, he says, his entire life has been dedicated to attempting to understand the Delphic Oracle's prophesy.
The Greek Novels
Literally meaning 'missed the mark', but is commonly defined now as 'fatal flaw' of 'fatal error'.
In the Iliad, this is Achilles' hubris, which kept him out of battle and allowed for Patroclus to be killed in his place.
Clytemnestra has a strange dream that shows a snake biting at her breast and then drawing blood, which is obviously foreshadowing.
In the Iliad, Hecuba bares her breast to her son, Hector, in order to convince him to stay.
Angry winged creatures who make it their personal mission to attack those who have harmed their own families (especially matricide).
After Orestes' murder of his mother, they demanded that he be killed as well. But when the trial doesn't go through, they are made protectors of a section of the city instead (after being pissed initially).
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