45 terms

6th grade math vocabulary

6th grade math vocab for math bootcamp
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perimeter
the distance around a shape
area
the space inside a shape
factor
A number that is multiplied by another number to get a product
multiple
the product of a number with another number (ex:"36 is a multiple of 9")
ordered pair
A pair of numbers, (x, y), that locate a point on a coordinate plane.
point
an exact location (dot) on a coordinate plane
coordinate plane
A plane that is divided into four regions by a horizontal line called the x-axis and a vertical line called the y-axis.
volume
the amount of space occupied by an object
greatest common factor (GCF)
The largest factor that 2 or more numbers have in common.
least common multiple (LCM)
The smallest number, other than zero, that is a multiple of two or more given numbers; The LCM of 10 and 18 is 90.
coordinates
Ordered pairs that identify points on a coordinate plane. (x,y)
horizontal
straight across from side to side
vertical
straight up and down
diagonal
a straight line from one corner to another corner
x-axis
horizontal line on a coordinate plane
y-axis
vertical line on a coordinate plane
polygon
a closed plane figure (shape) made up of line segments
exponent
a number that shows repeated multiplication; shows how many times a number is to be multiplied with itself
positive number
a number greater than zero
negative number
a number less than zero
numerator
the dividend (top number) of a fraction
denominator
the divisor (bottom number) of a fraction
equivalent fraction
different fractions that are equal in value
product
the answer in a multiplication problem
quotient
the answer to a division problem
sum
the whole amount; the answer to an addition problem
elapsed time
The difference between a starting time and an ending time; an amount of time that has passed
equilateral
having all sides or faces equal
mixed number
a number made up of a whole number and a fraction
improper fraction
a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator
integer
a positive or negative number, including zero
quadrilateral
a four-sided polygon
quadrant
one of four sections into which the coordinate plane is divided
factoring/prime factorization
breaking down a number until all of the factors are prime
factor tree
a diagram showing the prime factorization of a number
percent
a ratio that compares a number to 100; out of 100
diameter
the distance across a circle through its center
radius
The distance from the center of a circle to any point on the circle; half the diameter
acute angle
An angle less than 90 degrees
obtuse angle
An angle more than 90 degrees
straight angle
an angle that measures 180 degrees
right angle
an angle that measures 90 degrees
difference
the answer to a subtraction problem
parallel
lying in the same direction and always the same distance apart; lines that will never intersect
perpendicular
two lines that intersect to form right angles