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Poli Sci II
CH. 2 Wasserman; constitution
Terms in this set (67)
establishes the legislative branch and specifies many of its features, including its structure, operation, powers, and limitations on powers
establishes the executive branch and specifies many of its features, including the selection, responsibilities, and powers of the president
establishes the judicial branch and specifies the jurisdiction of federal courts, including the Supreme Court
specifies the relations among the states and between the states and federal govt., including the admission of new states and guarantee to every state of a republican form govt
specifies the procedures for amending the Constitution
establishes that the Constitution and the laws of the US are the supreme law of the land and binding on the states
specifies the procedure for ratifying the Constitution
In the Constitution fo 1787-the unamended document-how many times do the words slave or slavery appear?
How many times do the words woman or women appear in the unamended Constitution?
commander-in-chief power; power to make treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate
2 enumerated powers of the president
president of the Senate; assume the duties of the president in case of the president's death, removal, resignation, or inability to discharge his duties
2 enumerated powers of the vice president
to tax; to declare war
2 enumerated powers of Congress
By state legislature
How were U.S. senators chosen before the Seventeenth Amendment was ratified in 1913?
By popular vote
How have U.S. senators been chosen since 1913?
passing a bill of attainder or ex post facto law; taxing or placing a duty on exports from states
Identify 2 powers the Constitution prohibits to Congress
entering into a treaty, alliance, or confederation; coining money
Identify 2 powers the Constitution prohibits states.
What is the age requirement for the House?
How many years must a person be a citizen to run for the House?
What is the age requirement for the Senate?
How many years must a person be a citizen of the U.S. to run for the Senate?
What is the age requirement to run for president?
How many years must a person be a citizen of the U.S. to run for president?
power to veto bills
A power that the executive branch holds over the legislative branch
power to grant pardons
A power that the executive branch holds over the judicial branch
power to impeach the president
A power that the legislative branch holds over the executive branch
Senate's power to confirm or reject the president's nomination of judges to the federal courts
A power that the legislative branch holds over the judicial branch
none; judicial review
A power that the judicial branch holds over the executive branch
none; judicial review
A power that the judicial branch holds over the legislative branch
"In all cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be a Party"
The Supreme Court is the court of original jurisdiction in what kinds of cases?
Eligibility requirements; number of members
Identify 2 aspects of the Court's structure and composition that the Constitution does not specify
national government is supreme over the states; In conflict between a state constitution or law and the federal constitution or law, the federal constitution or law will take precedence over the state
2/3 vote in the House and Senate; by convention convened by Congress at the request of 2/3 of the state legislature
What are 2 ways the amendments to the Constitution can be proposed?
3/4 of the state legislatures; by approval of conventions in 3/4 of states
What are the 2 ways that amendments to the Constitution can be ratified?
amendment: extended individual rights
14th and 19th Amendment
amendment: extended civil rights
14th and 24th Amendment
amendment: prohibited certain practices by the states
12th and 17th Amendment
amendment: changed specific languge in the Constitution
amendment: describes the sequence of events that would install the vice president as acting president agaisnt the will of the president
Bill of attainder
a legislative enactment pronouncing a person guilty, without trial, of some crime
Ex post facto law
a law passed after an event which retrospectively changes the legal consequences of the event
payment received for work
letters of marque and reprisal
a govt. document authorizing an individual to arm a ship and capture enemy merchant ships and cargo
The House and the Senate
What bodies have the power to override a presidential veto?
What margin is required to override a presidential veto?
What body has the power to ratify treaties?
What margin is required to ratify treaties?
to bring charges against; to indict
What body has the power to impeach the president?
What body has the power to convict the president of charges against him in the impeachment process and thereby remove him from the presidency?
What margin is required to convict and remove a president?
What body has the power to accept or to reject a president's nominations to the Supreme Court?
If no candidate for the presidency wins a simple majority of the total number of electoral votes, what body has the power to choose the president?
ratify an amendment to the Constitution
The Constitution specifies a 3/4 majority for just 1 process. What is it?
those powers only exercised by the federal govt., such as the right to coin money
an early example(1620) of American settlers (Pilgrims) desire to be governed by a publicly accepted rule of law
the constitutional principle by which the powers of govt. are limited by rights and liberties of people
checks and balances
the constitutional principle that mixes together separate powers to give branch some powers of the others; protects and balances the functions of government
the modern mix of overlapping relations between the states and the federal govt.
those powers shared by the states and federal govt., such as the power to tax
group opposing adoption of Constition; the preferred stronger state governments and more popular particpation
those powers not delegated to the federal government that are reserved to the stats of people by the Tenth Amendment
the federal court's authority to decide on the constitutionality of the acts of state, local, and federal govts.
supporters of the Constitution in the struggle to adopt it; they wanted a strong conservative central government
separation of powers
a constitutional principle that the powers of government should be separated into 3 branches of govt.: legislative, executive, and judicial
Bill of Rights
1st 10 amendments to the Constitution, including freedoms of speech, press, religion, due process, and jury trial
Articles of Confederation
a document that from 1781 to 1789 loosely unified the newly independent American states; its shortcomings led to the US Constitution.
the distribution of political authority between the federal govt. and govt. of the states
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