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World History Chapter 16 Study Guide
Terms in this set (40)
The American was conservative and the French radical
What is the basic difference between the American and the French Revolutions?
The Mayflower Compact
What established the civil authority for the Plymouth Colony?
they wanted the colonies to help pay for recent wars
After over 100 years, why did the British government decide to begin taxing and regulating the colonies?
after a series of wars on the European continent
When did the British begin placing restrictions on the colonies?
the French decided to support the colonists
Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point for the Americans?
government by the consent of the governed
What is popular sovereignty?
1. heavy taxation of the poor
2. incompetence of Louis XV and Louis XVI
3. France's bankrupt condition
List 3 causes of the French Revolution?
type of taxes
What were the taille, capitation, and vingtieme?
number of votes each estate would receive
Once the Estates-General convened, what was the initial issue?
the delegates of the Third Estate would not disband until a written constitution was established
What did the Tennis Court Oath declare?
storming of the Bastille
What event symbolized the downfall of the Old Regime?
Declaration of The Rights of Man
What 1789 French document lists the national rights of all people and the rights possessed by citizens?
The Brunswick Manifesto
What was issued by the Austrians, called for the French people to rally behind their king, and promised to restore Louis XVI to the French throne?
to get rid of opposition to the revolution
What was the purpose of the Reign of Terror?
"a revolution devours its own"
The arrest and death of Robespierre and his followers illustrates what saying?
What was Napoleon's most famous and enduring accomplishment?
cut off trade with France
What was the Continental System designed to do?
Who was king of England during the American Revolution?
What principle delegates specific powers to the national gov't and reserves all others for state gov'ts?
What was the term for the French system of forced labor?
What was the term for the lists of grievnces Louis's subjects compiled?
What were workers in Paris who sore full-length trousers called?
Levee en Masse
What was the mobilization of the entire French nation for battle called?
What was the famous instrument of execution used during the French Revolution?
What is the term for a sudden and illegal seizure of power?
Which battle was Napoleon's greatest triumph?
St. Helena (tiny island off coast of Africa)
Where was Napoleon finally exiled to?
Who was king during the French Revolution?
What prominent Jacobin was executed by Robespierre?
a British Admiral
Who was Nelson?
Who was named First Consul for life?
Who was Alexander I?
Who was the victorious general at Waterloo?
2nd and 3rd generations did not retain the religious convictions of those who came before them
Why was the ideal Puritan society not successful?
respect for English law and a love for local self government
What did the local governments that were set up in each colony have in common?
the believed those measures violated colonial charters that called for taxation to rest in the hands if the cilonial assemblies
Why did the colonists resent parliamentary measures of taxation?
they were exempt from many taxes
Why were the First and Second Estates considered to be privileged classes?
diminished the power of the Roman Catholic Church in France
What did the Civil Constitution of the Clergy allow the assembly to do?
1. the protest was not against government but against too much government that had violated its own rules
2. the colonists were not fighting an offensive war, but simply defending their home land and preserving the freedoms they had enjoyed for more than a century
Why is the American Revolution considered to be a conservative action?
1. beginning public works programs
2. founding the Bank of France which standardized the monetary system
3. setting up an equitable tax system
4. established a system of public education
5. the codification of French laws (Code Napoleon)
List some of the domestic reforms of Napoleon.
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