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Diseases/Disorder of the Circulatory System
Terms in this set (56)
Condition resulting from certain elements being deficient in blood.
Iron defiency anemia
Most common; inadequate suppy of Fe.
RESULT FROM INJURY, destruction if blood cell formation, and bone marrow function.
Acute blood loss anemia
Low erythrocyte count occuring over extended period of time, following acute blood loss; can be fatal.
Weakend arterial wall.
Unilateral pouch like bulge.
Spindle shaped bulge of entire artery wall.
Usually without symptoms bu detectable on palpation around naval; 20% die immediately. 😖
Sever chest pain radiating down left arm ⏪ spasm, blockage of one or more heart arteries resulting in ischemia to portion of heart muscle; associated with emotional stress, and physical exertion.
Temporary loss to blood in a area.
Whats a treatment for angina?
Under tongue 👅
Complete sudden cessation of heart action; rapidly fatal; irreversible brain damage in ⚄ minutes.
Abnormal changes in heart rythm. 💓💗💞
Hardening of arteries; may result in hypertension.
Condition characterized by deposit of fatty materials along lining of arteries.
What are some affects of atherosclerosis?
Heart failure, and stroke.
Athletic Heart Syndrome
enlarged heart ⏪ cardiomegaly
particularly ventricles result of strenuos exercise
itis of 💖
can be viral, fungal, or bacterial infection
itis of pericardium
itis of myocardium
itis of endocardium
caused by sudden umpaired of blood flow to brain 3rd leading cause of death, leading cause of long term disability.
congestive heart failure
complex conition of inadequete heart action with retention of tissue fluid.
Left side of CHF
heart output is ⏬/ blood flows ⏫ in LV; congestion in LA occurs from fluid build up in lungs.
Right side of CHF
blood return to 💖 becomes congested causing fluid to enter interstital space.
coronary artery disease
disease of arteries surronding heart, carris O2/nutrients to myocardium.
What are treatmenr of CAD?
coronary bypass surgery
foreign matter circulating blood stream
heart pumps to weakly to supply body with blood, common in age
with severe failure, life expectancy shortened
transplant used in younger pts
known as heart transplant
pressure consistently elevated above 140/90
may be life threatening with these conditions:acute blood loss, heart failure, shock, kidney failure
treated with transfusions, fluid replacing, cardiac stimulants, other drugs
disease with ventricle walls of hesrt thicken making heart stiff/unable to fill with blood/ pump efficiently
affects 1 in 2000 people in U.S.
cause of sudden death in young athletes
disease of bone marrow/lymphatic condition
large # of immature WBX
Acute lymphatic leukemia
most common in children
Chronic leukemia has...
median survival rste 3-4yrs
abdnormal blood flow through heart valve due to leaky valve
most common is mitral
can be present at birth result from disease
result from occlusion ot coronary artery causing myocardial tissue destruction
#1 leading death cause
What are the S&S of MI
crushing pain radiating through chest to neck/jaw and down left arm, nausea, perspisration, change in BP, dyspnea
itis of vein
may cause formation of thrombis
may be deep or superficial
Sickle cell anemia
congential; occuring usually in blacks
characterized by RBC eith hemoglobin defect causing hook shape cell that cant pass through BV/intefere with citculation
veins become dialated, twisted, and inefficient
What is varocosities treatments...
exercise,antiembolism, eliminate tight clothing
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