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History of the Recording Industry Section 2
Terms in this set (54)
Benny Goodman's A&R Man - Major career influence
First prominent white bandleader to hire black players in the 1930s
Swing became popular around the year:
1935, but initially developed in the late 20s
The inventor of the album cover who worked as a staff designer at Columbia Records.
By _______ nearly every popular record had a designed album cover.
Album covers were first used in ______ with 78 r.p.m. records
Prominent guitarist in Goodmans sextet (1939-1941)
ASCAP was founded in:
John and Alan Lomax
pioneers in field recording folk songs: John Lomax used equipment provided by the Library of Congress.
American Federation of Musicians 1896: called a strike against record companies in 1942
The major labels agreed to pay royalties to musicians around the year:
This artist's early folk/blues material was recorded by the Lomaxes, but did not become famous until it was covered by The Weavers, and later Led Zeppelin, Nirvana, Frank Sinatra, and more.
Lead Belly (1889-1949)
Singer and radio show host who invested in the development of Ampex's first tape recorder in 1948
Ampex introduced its first multitrack recorder in:
Guitarist who invented multitrack recording and the first electric guitar in 1941
In 1948, ____________ introduced the 33 LP
The last major label to adopt the 45 r.p.m disc
Columbia Records in the late 50s
The single most important figure to emerge in country music in the period after WWII
Hits include "Lovesick" and "Hey Good Looking'"
This artist who performed with the Tympani Five was signed to Decca in 1939
The most popular blues musician in Chicago in the late 40's and 50's who was recorded by the Lomaxes
Muddy Waters (McKinley Morganfield)
Co-Founder of Atlantic Records who died in 2006
The most popular black female vocalist in America between 1951 and 1954 who recorded most of her hits for Atlantic Records.
The first black musician with regular pop crossover to host his own weekly radio series (1948-49) and the first to have a network television show who sold over 15 million singles and 5 million albums with 14 top hits between 1946 and 1954
Nat "King" Cole
a political attempt to eliminate rock and roll 1959-1969
paying a DJ to play
A Chicago based label that was the first to release a Beatles single in America
An independent Chicago label founded in 1950by Phil and Leonard Chess with artists Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Willie Dixon, and others
This Rock and Roll star was signed to Sun Records in 1955 for $35000
In 1956, Harry Belafonte's album ________ became the first LP by a solo artist to sell a million copies in the U.S.
Early DJ _________ developed hit airplay rotation in the early 1950s which dominated pop radio and led to payola (pay-for-play)
Nashville R&B radio station
The first famous Rock N' Roll DJ
Memphis R&B Dj, and the first to play and Elvis Presley record
The country's first all black programming station debuted in 1948
Radio and Disc Jockeys began to emerge during the years of...
1940s and 50s
The first Disc Jockey to use the term Rock N' Roll
New Orleans R&B artist who played for Imperial Records starting in 1949
Had his first hit "Maybellene" with Chess Records
Artist who got his start on the Ed Sullivan show, and released his first works with Chess, then Okeh Records
Rockabilly artist who started with Sun Records in 1956
Jerry Lee Lewis
Artist who published his first hit "Tutti Frutti" with Specialty Records in 1955
Sam Phillips founded his record company ___________ in Memphis in 1952 which came to be known as the birthplace of Rock N' Roll
Credited for creating the "Wall of Sound"
The Beatles debuted their first single in America ___________ in 1962
Love Me Do
After massive global commercial success, creative growth led to The Beatles quitting touring in the year
The Beatle's album _________ recorded on a four track machine, changed the concept of recording production.
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album
Hit versions of this artists songs by The Byrds (Mr. Tambourine Man) and (All I Really Want to Do) popularized folk rock
Two bands that popularized pop-styled folk
The Beatles, The Byrds
Phillips introduced the cassette tape in the year
8 Track tapes became popular through the years
1965 into the 70's
A self-contained company with its own recording studio and publishing operation founded in 1959 by Berry Gordy
An artist, influenced by Louis Jordan and Nat King Cole who fused Gospel with the Blues who was banned on some radio stations
R&B label that went bankrupt in 1976 who's artists included Otis Redding, Wilson Pickett, Booker T and the MG's, and Sam and Dave.
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