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34 terms

APUSH Chapter 37

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Harry S. Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Richard Nixon
Vice President under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States
Dwight Eisenhower
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
George C. Marshall
United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959)
Joseph R. McCarthy
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Arrested in the Summer of 1950 and executed in 1953, they were convicted of conspiring to commit espionage by passing plans for the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.
Thomas E. Dewey
Republican presidential nominee in 1944 who failed in his effort to deny FDR a fourth term
GI Bill
law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations
American Population shift
brought more people to the East to work in factories and manufacturers
migration
a group of people migrating together (especially in some given time period)
Baby Boom
the larger than expected generation in United States born shortly after World War II
African American Migration
migration of African americans during the 20th century from the rural south to the industrialized north.
Conference at Yalta
Roosevelt sought Soviet military help against Japan; Stalin offers military help for the possession of Sakhalin & Kurlie Islands & 2 warm-water ports and railroad rights in Manchuria; Churchil and Stalin accept Roosevelt's plan for a United Nations organization to avoid issues dividing them
United Nations
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
Israel
Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean
Nuremberg Trials
Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime
Occupation Zones
areas in losing nations where winning nations keep troops after the war
Satellite states
Eastern European states under the control of the Soviet Union during the Cold War
East/West Germany
split by the Iron Curtain, sensoring what people see and don't see.
Truman Doctrine
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
Marshall Plan
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
Arab Oil Countries
dwindling oil reserves crucial to the European Recovery Program and the health of the US economy
National Security Council
a committee in the executive branch of government that advises the president on foreign and military and national security
CIA
an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest
Selective Service System
an independent federal agency that administers compulsory military service
NATO
an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Reconstruction of Japan
Japan recognized that they needed to have good behavior and adopt democracy before the end of US occupation. They did these things and the US was out quick.
McCarthyism
unscrupulously accusing people of disloyalty (as by saying they were Communists)
Election of 1948
Truman defeats Dewey in a stunning upset--Henry Wallace leads new Progressive party--Dewey Republicans
Fair Deal
A deal that created projects to create jobs, build public housing, and end racial discrimination. South Democrats and Republicans worked together to stop his projects.
Korea (38th Parallel)
The front of war during 1950 in the Korean war. Divides North and South Korea.
Blame for the Cold War
Two people were blamed for the Cold War : President Truman, and Dean Acheson
Taft-Hartley Act
a United States federal law that monitors the activities and power of labor unions. Labor leaders called it the "slave-labor bill"
iron curtain
an impenetrable barrier to communication or information especially as imposed by rigid censorship and secrecy