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fascist dictator of Italy from the 1920s to the 1940s


to give in and make concessions during negotiations (often to avoid possible conflict)


Hitler's belief that Germany needed to expand and take over more land.


Germany's union with Austria in 1938


fascist dictator of Germany from the 1930s to the 1940s


To build up a military after a period of weakness or low military spending

Rome-Berlin Axis

The partnership of Mussolini and Hitler to establish control in Europe


A border area between France and Germany that was to be kept free of German military units and forts.

Mein Kampf

The book Hitler wrote in prison that outlines his plans for expanding Germany and "purifying" the Germany people.

Munich Conference

The meeting of the UK, France, Germany, and Italy where it was agreed that Germany could have part of Czechoslovakia


A border area of Czechoslovakia that Hitler claimed should become German land because German speakers lived there.

Nazi-Soviet Pact

A 1939 agreement between Germany and the USSR to NOT attack each other for a period of ten years.

Polish Corridor

The area of German land that was given to Poland in order for Poland to have a sea coast.

League of Nations

Weak international organization that preceded the United Nations

Enabling Act

Law that allowed Hitler to make emergency rules all by himself.


Extremely nationalistic form of politics in the 1920s and 1930s.


Extreme economic crisis of failed banks, failed businesses, and high unemployment


Title of the German Prime Minister

Franklin Roosevelt

President of the USA beginning in 1933

New Deal

President Roosevelt's plan to help the US economy and reduce unemployment in the 1930s


German high speed divided roadways. Building them in the 1930s created many jobs.


Area of the central US that had a severe shortage of rain in the 1930s and became like a desert

Spanish Civil War

From 1936-1939, a battle for the control of Spain between conservative militaristic people and leftist people

Francisco Franco

Conservative military ruler of Spain from 1939-1975


Area of China invaded and occupied by Japan in 1931

"Rape of Nanking"

1937 invasion of China where hundreds of thousands of civilians were murdered by Japanese soldiers

East-Asian Empire

Japan's goal in the 1930s and 1940s


Militaristic Japanese prime minister who pushed Japan to war in 1941.

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