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28 terms

1930s vocabulary

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Mussolini
fascist dictator of Italy from the 1920s to the 1940s
Appeasement
to give in and make concessions during negotiations (often to avoid possible conflict)
Lebensraum
Hitler's belief that Germany needed to expand and take over more land.
Anschluss
Germany's union with Austria in 1938
Hitler
fascist dictator of Germany from the 1930s to the 1940s
Rearmament
To build up a military after a period of weakness or low military spending
Rome-Berlin Axis
The partnership of Mussolini and Hitler to establish control in Europe
Rhineland
A border area between France and Germany that was to be kept free of German military units and forts.
Mein Kampf
The book Hitler wrote in prison that outlines his plans for expanding Germany and "purifying" the Germany people.
Munich Conference
The meeting of the UK, France, Germany, and Italy where it was agreed that Germany could have part of Czechoslovakia
Sudetenland
A border area of Czechoslovakia that Hitler claimed should become German land because German speakers lived there.
Nazi-Soviet Pact
A 1939 agreement between Germany and the USSR to NOT attack each other for a period of ten years.
Polish Corridor
The area of German land that was given to Poland in order for Poland to have a sea coast.
League of Nations
Weak international organization that preceded the United Nations
Enabling Act
Law that allowed Hitler to make emergency rules all by himself.
fascism
Extremely nationalistic form of politics in the 1920s and 1930s.
Depression
Extreme economic crisis of failed banks, failed businesses, and high unemployment
Chancellor
Title of the German Prime Minister
Franklin Roosevelt
President of the USA beginning in 1933
New Deal
President Roosevelt's plan to help the US economy and reduce unemployment in the 1930s
Autobahn
German high speed divided roadways. Building them in the 1930s created many jobs.
Dustbowl
Area of the central US that had a severe shortage of rain in the 1930s and became like a desert
Spanish Civil War
From 1936-1939, a battle for the control of Spain between conservative militaristic people and leftist people
Francisco Franco
Conservative military ruler of Spain from 1939-1975
Manchuria
Area of China invaded and occupied by Japan in 1931
"Rape of Nanking"
1937 invasion of China where hundreds of thousands of civilians were murdered by Japanese soldiers
East-Asian Empire
Japan's goal in the 1930s and 1940s
Tojo
Militaristic Japanese prime minister who pushed Japan to war in 1941.