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Ohio Motor Vehicle Laws (2017)
Terms in this set (59)
Keep to the right except when:
1. Passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction
2. When driving on a road divided into three or more marked lanes
3. When driving on a road designed and posted with signs for one-way traffic
4. When otherwise directed by a police officer or traffic control device.
5. When an obstruction makes it necessary for you to drive left-of-center. Yield the right of way to all vehicles traveling in the proper direction on the unobstructed portion of the highway.
When a road has divided into four or more marked lanes the following rules apply:
A vehicle shall be driven as closely as possible within a single lane of traffic; it shall not be moved from the lane until the driver has first determined that such movement can be made safely. A turn signal must be given before lane changes.
On a roadway divided into three lanes, a vehicle shall not be driven in the center lane except where that center lane is devoted exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the driver is proceeding
What should be done when moving slower than traffic flow?
Use the available right lane or stay as close to the possible to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.
What should be done when an emergency vehicle displaying flashing lights and audible signal is approaching?
Driver must immediately drive to a position parallel to the right edge or curb of the road or highway and stop. Do not block intersections. Must remain until the vehicle has passed or when directed by a law enforcement official.
What should be done when the emergency vehicle is stationary along side the roadway with its lights flashing?
Driver must reduce speed and whenever possible the driver should change lanes to pass the emergency vehicle in a lane that is not adjacent to where the emergency vehicle has stopped
What are the rules of a divided highway?
Do not drive over, across, or within any dividing space, barrier, or section of a highway, except through an opening or crossover established by authority. Such space may be occupied for an emergency stop or in compliance with a police officer.
Turn right as close as possible to the right-hand curb or edge of the road.
Right-hand turn on red
Legal in Ohio only when:
1. There is no sign posted at the intersection forbidding right turns on red
2. You have come to a complete stop and have allowed all crossing traffic and all pedestrians to proceed through the intersection
3. You can clearly see that the turn can be completed safely
Left Turn at an intersection where traffic is moving in both directions on each road.
Driver shall make the approach in the right half of the road nearest the center line. The turn should be made into the lane on the right half of the street nearest the center line.
Left Turn at an intersection where traffic is restricted to one direction on one or more of the roads
Driver shall make the approach in the extreme left-hand lane. Turn into the lane farthest left where traffic in that direction is allowed.
Left turn when it is required to yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction
Prior to engaging in a left-hand turn, the driver must wait for oncoming traffic to clear the intersection. One may advance into the intersection as a prelude to turning, provided that no other traffic control devices prohibit this action.
Left turn on red
It is illegal except for the following:
A left turn on red may be made only from the extreme left lane of a one-way street to the extreme left lane of another one-way street, providing there is no sign posted forbidding a left turn on red. Come to a complete stop and allow all crossing traffic and all pedestrians to clear the intersection.
Signaling a turn
Signal must be given at least 100 feet before intended turn. You can use the mechanical car signal or the hand signals
Rules of stopping (1-3)
1. Behind the stop line or crosswalk at any red traffic signal
2. Behind the stop line or crosswalk at any red traffic signal where right or left turns are permitted. The driver may only proceed with a legal turn on red after coming to a full stop and yielding the right of way to all crossing traffic and to all pedestrians crossing the intersection.
3. At a flashing red traffic signal, yielding to all traffic that does not have to stop.
Rules of Stopping (4-6)
4. At a sidewalk, or if there is no sidewalk, at a point prior to entering the roadway, when emerging from an alley, driveway, or private road on a business or residential district. Drivers must yield the right of way to any pedestrian on the sidewalk.
5. Before entering an intersection if there is not sufficient space on the other side to accommodate the vehicle. The law applies whether or not a traffic signal gives a driver the right to proceed.
6. At the approach of a public safety vehicle displaying flashing lights and sounding a warning signal, unless the vehicle is traveling in the opposite direction on a divided highway. Drivers should move as far as possible to the right of the road and remain until vehicle has passed
Stopping for a school bus. When a school bus is stopped on a roadway to pick up or drop off passengers, the following regulations apply:
1. When a school bus driver is preparing to stop the bus, he or she activates four amber lights - two on the front and two on the rear of the bus. These lights continue to flash until he bus is fully stopped. Other vehicles are not required to stop during the preliminary stage of the eight-light warning, but should prepare to stop as soon as the bus comes to a full stop. Four red lights flash while kids get on or off.
2. If the bus is stopped on a street or road which has fewer than four lanes, all traffic approaching the bus from either direction must stop at least 10 feet from the front or rear of the bus and remain stopped until the bus begins to move or the bus driver signals motorists to proceed.
3. If the bus is stopped on a street or road which has four or more lanes, only traffic proceeding in the same direction of bus must stop.
A driver must maintain sufficient distance between his or her vehicle and the vehicle ahead. Experts advise drivers to allow one car length ahead for each 10 mph of speed. Others suggest the three second rule: watch vehicle ahead pass a stationary object, such as a lamppost, counting three seconds. If you pass the lamppost before you say three, you are following too closely and should slow your speed. In bad weather, increase the space to four or five seconds.
Must yield the right of way when:
1. When directed by a yield sign.
2. When crossing or entering a through highway from a smaller, less traveled road
3. To a vehicle approaching from the right at an intersection of two similar roads without a traffic control device
4. To a pedestrian in a marked crosswalk, or at an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection
5. On the approach of a public safety vehicle
6. For all vehicles which are part of a funeral procession. Each vehicle in procession must have its headlights lit and must display a purple and white pendant.
7. To oncoming traffic when making a left
8. To traffic approaching an intersection before making a right turn at a red light
Under certain circumstances, vehicle operators are permitted to pass slow-moving traffic that is traveling in the same direction. It is generally safer to pass on the left of slower vehicles. Under any circumstance, a driver must indicate passing intention with a turn signal
Passing to the left
No vehicle shall be driven left of center unless the left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead. Passing shall not interrupt oncoming traffic in the opposite direction.
Passing to left is not permitted under the following circumstances:
1. When approaching the crest of a grade or curve in the roadway where the driver's view is obstructed and the driver cannot see if the pass will interfere with oncoming traffic
2. Within 100 ft. of a bridge, viaduct, or tunnel when the driver's view is obstructed
3. Within 100 ft. of approaching intersection
4. Within 100 ft. of a railroad grade crossing
These to not apply to traffic traveling on a one-way street or on a roadway with two or more lanes for travel in the same direction
When passing to the left, the drive must do the following:
1. Sound the horn to warn the driver of the vehicle being overtaken that he/she is about to be passed
2. Signal the intent to pass
3. Pass to the left of the vehicle being overtaken at a safe distance and return to the right side of he roadway only after the overtaking vehicle is safely clear of the vehicle being overtaken
4. Return to the right lane as as the pass has been safely completed and before coming within 200 ft. of any approaching vehicle
When a driver is being passed by another vehicle, the law requires the driver of the slower vehicle to maintain a constant speed and stay to the right until the other driver has safely passed
Passing to right may be done under the following conditions
1. When the vehicle being overtaken is about to make a left turn
2. When the pavement is wide enough for two or more lines of traffic moving in the same direction as the overtaking vehicle
Under either circumstance, driver must determine if the slower-moving vehicle can be overtaken safely and the driver must drive off the roadway in order to overtake the slower vehicle.
Speed limit law
Vehicles may not be driven at speeds greater or less than reasonable, depending on conditions of traffic, road, and weather.
Speed limit in alleys within a municipal corporation
Speed limit when passing a school building while school is in session
Speed limit in all other portions of a municipal corporation, except state routes and through highways outside business districts and alleys
Speed limit on all state routes or through highways except controlled-access highways within municipal corporations outside business districts
Speed limit on state routes within municipal corporations outside urban districts, unless a lower speed is established on a sign
Maximum speed limit at all times for vehicles weighing more than 8,000 pounds and non-commercial buses
Maximum speed limit on all other highways
Speed limit on designated highways for vehicles weighing 8,000 pounds or less and commercial buses
60 or 65 mph
Speed limit at all times on freeways with paved shoulders inside municipal corporations unless a lower speed is established with a sign
Speed limit on rural interstates for vehicles weighing 8,000 pounds or more
Minimum speed limit
No person shall operate a vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or to comply with the law.
Racing on public roads
No driver shall participate in a race on a public road.
Warning devices of railroad grade crossings
Pavement markings: An "X" or "RR" may be painted on the pavement of the approach to some crossings
Railroad crossbuck: signs found at many public crossings. Must be obeyed like a yield sign and driver should be prepared to stop
Flashing red light signals: used with cross buck. Drivers must stop no closer than 15 ft. and no farther than 50 ft from the crossing when lights are flashing
Gates: used with flashing red light signals. As gates lower drivers must stop no closer than 15 ft. and no farther than 50 ft from the gates until they are raised and lights have stopped flashing.
A vehicle must be parked facing the direction of traffic on that side of the street, parallel to and not more than 12 inches from the right curb. On one-way streets, vehicles may be parked parallel to not more than 12 inches from the right or left curb.
No person shall stop, park, or stand a vehicle in any of the following places, except when necessary to avoid conflict with traffic, or in compliance with a law official:
-On a sidewalk (except for a bicycle
-In front of a public or private driveway
-Within an intersection
-Within 10 feet of a fire hydrant
-On a crosswalk
-Within 20 feet of a crosswalk or intersection
-Within 30 feet of a flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic-control signal
-Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or within 30 feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone.
-Within 50 feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing
-Beside or opposite a street excavation or obstruction when such parking would obstruct traffic
-Alongside a vehicle stopped or parked at the edge or curb of a street
-On a highway bridge or within a highway tunnel
-At any place where signs prohibit parking
-Within one foot of another parked vehicle
-On a roadway portion of a freeway, expressway, or thruway
Obstruction of vision
Ohio law forbids vehicles to be overloaded with passengers or cargo that obstructs the driver's vision
Riding on the outside of a vehicle
No person shall hang onto or ride on the outside of any moving motor vehicle. No driver of a truck, trailer, or semitrailer shall knowingly permit any person under the age 16 to ride in the unenclosed or unroofed cargo storage area of the vehicle if it is traveling faster than 25 mph, unless any of the following:
1. the cargo storage area of the vehicle is equipped with a properly secured seat and a safety belt that is in compliance with federal standards
2. An emergency exists that threatens the life of the driver or the person being transported in the cargo storage area of the truck, trailer, or semitrailer.
3. The passengers are workers performing specialized highway or street maintenance or construction
Children who are either or both under the age of 4 and weigh less than 40 pounds...
Must be properly restrained in an approved child safety seat while being transported in a motor vehicle.
When any child who is at least 4 years of age, but not older than 15 is being transported...
the operator of vehicle shall have the child properly restrained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions in a child restraint system that meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.
When it comes to obstruction of vision...
Ohio law forbids vehicles to be overloaded with passengers or cargo that obstructs the driver's vision
No person shall hang onto or ride on the outside of any moving motor vehicle. No driver of a truck (any kind) shall knowingly permit any person under 16 to ride in the unenclosed or unroofed cargo storage area of the vehicle if it is traveling faster than 25 mph unless...
1. The cargo storage area is equipped with a secured seat and safety belt that meets federal standards
2. An emergency exists that threatens the life of the driver or the person being transported in the cargo storage area.
3. The passengers are workers performing specialized highway or street maintenance or construction under authority of a public agency
Mandatory sentences of OVI (operating a vehicle while impaired)
Mandatory penalties of time in jail, license suspension, and a minimum of $375 fine. These are determined by number of OVIs over a six year period.
Offenses of an OVI (over a six year period)
1st Offense - at least 72 consecutive hours in jail and court license suspension from six months to three years
2nd Offense - at least 10 consecutive days in jail and court license suspension from one to five years
3rd Offense - at least 30 consecutive days in jail and court license suspension from one to 10 years
4th Offense - at least 60 consecutive days in jail and court license suspension from three years to permanent revocation
Drivers convicted of a traffic violation is assessed a specific number of penalty points according to type of offense. If another offense is committed within two years of the first, the two point values are added together. The number of penalty points given to a violator are assessed by the court system.
1. Homicide by vehicle
2. Operating a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol and/or any drug abuse
3.Failure to stop and disclose identity at the scene of a collision
4. Willingly fleeing or eluding a law enforcement officer
6. Operating a vehicle without the consent of the owner
7. Using a vehicle in the commission of a felony, or committing any crime punishable as a felony under Ohio motor vehicle laws
Willful or wanton disregard of the safety of persons or property
1. All moving violations and some speed offenses
2. Operating a motor vehicle in violation of a restriction imposed by the Registrar of the BMV
What to do in case of a crash (1-5)
2. Take immediate steps to warn approaching traffic
3. Aid the injured. Don't move them, but keep them warm
4. Notify proper authorities, either Ohio State Highway Patrol, sheriff or local police.
5. Give your name and address to any person who is injured or to the owner, operator, occupant, or attendant of the other vehicle(s)
What to do in case of a crash (6)
6. Gather the following information identifying any other driver in the crash and anyone involved at the scene. Most of it must be provided by law on a motor vehicle crash report and will be helpful in resolving matters relating to the crash
-Names, addresses and dates of birth of those involved
-License plate numbers
-Driver license numbers
-Name and address of vehicle owner, if other than driver
-Circumstances of crash, such as weather, condition of the road, and traffic controls
- Year, make, and model of vehicles involved
- Name and address of other driver's insurance company
What to do in case of a crash (7-11)
7. Answer all of the investigating officer's questions, but do not discuss the crash with others.
8. Trade facts with any other driver, but do not discuss fault or insurance coverage
9. If involved in a crash with an unattended vehicle, you must report the crash to the police or leave necessary information at the scene
10. The driver of a vehicle which is involved in a motor vehicle crash may file form BMV 3303 - Crash Report within six months if either apply:
1. There was damage of more than $400, or personal injury
2. The driver or owner of the other vehicle did not have insurance or other financial responsibility coverage at the time of the crash
11. Notify your insurance company as soon as possible
What to do in case you hit a deer
If you hit a deer and cause its death, you may take possession of the deer by law, as long as you report the collision to a game protector or other law enforcement officer within 24 hours. The protector or officer will then investigate and issue a certificate entitling you to the carcass. It is illegal to take a deer carcass without reporting it.
When driving at night, maintain a cautious, reasonable speed. By driving at a reasonable speed, you will be able to stop in the distance illuminated by your headlights
When you are closely following another vehicle and another vehicle is approaching yours, be sure to dim your headlights. Use the upper beams only for driving in open country with a clear road ahead.
If a car approaches you with bright lights on, do not stare at the lights. Steer by the line at the outside edge of the road to prevent being temporarily blinded.
Pedestrians walking alongside the roads or crossing streets do not realize that motorists cannot see them. Be sure to watch for them.
Keep your windows clean. Glare caused by lights shining on dirty glass reduces visibility
Fatigue, which slows down perception and reaction time, is a significant factor in nighttime crashes. Be sure to pull off of the road and rest if you are tired.
Lights must be displayed:
1. Between sunset and sunrise
2. During any period of rain, snow, fog, or other unfavorable atmospheric conditions - regardless of time of day
3. At any other time when natural light conditions do not make it possible to see objects 1,000 feet ahead clearly
4. At any time windshield wipers are used
When roads are snow-covered or icy, reduce your speed. Driving in he winter is much different than driving in any other season of the year. No matter what road or weather conditions are encountered, a slower speed is necessary for safe handling
Be sure that your car is in excellent operating condition. Lights, brakes, windshield wipers, defroster, radiator, and other parts of the car should be in perfect order. Snow tires are a good precaution. Tire chains can be a big help in severe snow and ice conditions.
Shaded spots on the highway will hold frost and ice while other portions of the pavement are dry. Same is true for bridges.
It is often necessary to stop suddenly. To prevent skidding, intermittently apply light pressure to the brakes. The pumping action will reduce momentum without losing traction and without locking the brakes.
If your vehicle does go into a skid, take your foot off the accelerator and turn the steering wheel in the direction of the skid. DON'T apply the brakes.
When starting a car parked on ice, move very slowly. The tires will have a better chance to grip if they move slowly. Starting in second a low gear will also help. Put a greater distance between you and other vehicles.
When driving in fog
Slow down. You may have to stop at any time. If the stopping distance for the speed you are traveling is greater than the stopping distance you can see in front of you, you will be unable to stop if there is an obstruction.
-Use your low-beam headlights, not your brights
-Move with the flow of traffic. Keep consistent distance behind the car in front of you so the cars behind you do the same.
-If you are involved in a collicion, get your car off the road as quickly as possible. If you can't move it, leave your flashers and lights on and set up flares if you have them. Don't sit and wait. Cautiously move as far off the road as possible
-Drive with your windows open
-Shift your gaze instead of staring
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