American foreign policy notes
Terms in this set (52)
Russian astronaut, first man in space
Became President in 1953 succeeding Harry Truman
Eisenhower's Secretary of State who wanted to "roll back" Communism using brinksmanship and massive retaliation
a strategy that called for liberating countries that were under Soviet dominion
a policy of threatening a massive response, including the use of nuclear weapons, against a Communist state trying to seize a peaceful state by force
Pushing dangerous situations to the edge of disaster rather than conceding
Ho chi Minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam
Dien bien phu
The place that the final battle took place that forced the French out of Vietnam
founded in 1948
installed as leader of Iran by the CIA in 1953
Egyptian leader during the Suez Canal crisis
crisis in which Britain and France attempted to seize control of the Suez canal from Egypt
Cuban dictator overthrown by Fidel Castro.
Military industrial complex
Eisenhower's term for the close ties between the defense industry and the Pentagon that might influence government policy.
took office in 1960, had campaigns such as new Frontier
sworn into office in 1963 after Kennedy's assassination, was officially elected once in 1964 head of programs such as great society
Johnsons reform program
the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fhave options in temrs of fighting a limited war
agency for international development
Bay of pigs
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. Kennedy president at the time.
organization (JFK) , volunteers who help third world nations and prevent the spread of communism by getting rid of poverty, Africa, Asia, and Latin America
NGO Dinh Diem
American ally in South Vietnam from 1954 to 1963; his repressive regime caused the Communist Viet Cong to thrive in the South and required increasing American military aid to stop a Communist takeover. he was killed in a coup in 1963.
An organization of Vietnamese Communists and other nationalist groups that between 1946 and 1954 fought for Vietnamese independence from the French
A Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam.
Gulf of tonkin resolution
allowed the president to take all measures necessary to protect american forces against aggression in southeast asia
Cause more damage than enemy can handle
Suppression of the Viet Cong (kill them all)
1968, during the Vietnam lunar new year - Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army raiding forces attacked provincial capitals throughout Vietnam, even seizing the U.S. embassy for a time. U.S. opinion began turning against the war.
president from 1969-1974.
1968 and 1972; created the Environmental Protection Agency, SALT I and new policy of detente between US and Soviet Union; Watergate scandal: became first and only president to resign
Allow Vietnamese to assume burden of the war
Secretary of State under Nixon
A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War.
the heaviest and most destructive air raids of the entire war on North Vietnam, civilian casualties were high, happened on a holiday
Oppressive regime of Pol Pot in Cambodia
Relaxation of the relationship between soviet union and US
Strategic arms limitation talks
The Marxist leader of Chile eventually overthrown by CIA
Military dictator who rules Chile w/ iron fist for 20 yrs & is backed fully by US because he opposes communism;
Middle class audience for Nixon
1974-1977, Republican, first non elected president and VP, he pardoned Nixon
was the General Secretary of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. approved of restalinization
intercontinental ballistic missile
program to win hearts and minds of South Vietnamese people, pacify opposition in countryside, involved construction projects, relocation of villagers, and burning of villages
Le Duc Tho
Vietnamese diplomat who negotiated with Henry Kissinger to end the war in Vietnam (1911-1990)
policy that Soviet Union has a right to intervene if communism was threatened in another communist nation (Czechoslovakia)
First American in space
Mutually Assured Destruction
Geneva Convention 1954
meeting that divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel into North and South Vietnam. Elections will be held in 2 years to unite the country. Neither zone permitted to join military alliances but both zones could seek aid if security is threatened
country created in 1948 and faces struggle to survive
The Nixon Doctrine
Embraced the concept that the U.S. would honor existing defense commitments, but that Asians would have to fight their own wars without American ground troops.
1972 scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon
Lee Harvey Oswald
man who assassinated JFK
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