MTA 98-349 Windows OS Fundamentals
all terms and concepts from the official Microsoft study materials for this exam
Terms in this set (29)
A collection of user and computer accounts that are grouped together to enable centralized management. Primarily used for larger groups, whereas smaller groups might user workgroups instead of domains.
This refers to a computer with a CPU (central processing unit) that can directly accessed at one time 32-bits or 4 GB of byte-addressable memory. Can only use up to 4 GB of RAM. Operating systems come in either 32-bit and 64-bit versions and should be matched accordingly. Generally, a 32-bit computer cannot run a 64-bit OS. (Some computers have a 64-bit capable process that is a 32-bit CPU that can run 64-bit user-mode code.)
This refers to a computer with a CPU (central processing unit) that can directly accessed at one time 64-bits or 16 EiB (an exbibyte) of byte-addressable memory. Compared to a 32-bit CPU a 64-bit has the advantage of being able to use much more RAM (random access memory) affording faster computing, multitasking, running graphics-intense applications, etc. The amount of RAM is limited to what the Motherboard will support which is in turn somewhat dictated by the OS used (eg Home Premium supports 8 GB of RAM which is also the typical amount supported by new computers designed for Windows 7, but Professional, Ultimate, or Enterprise support up to 192 GB however if your Motherboard only supports 8 GB then you will only use 8). Operating systems come in either 32-bit and 64-bit versions and should be matched accordingly, however a 32-bit OS can be run on a 64-bit PC.
windows 7 ultimate
1 of 3 most commonly used editions. Available retail. Has all features available in Windows 7. Includes all features of Professional and includes BitLocker and AppLocker (advanced security features).
windows 7 starter
Does not support 64-bit systems, no Windows Aero theme or domain support. Low cost edition for small notebook PC's line netbooks only available pre-installed; designed for low memory and disk space for mobile users needing internet, email and light application usage such as Word or Excel.
windows 7 professional
1 of 3 most commonly used editions. Available retail; additional security features, designed for business sector (or power users), recommended for small businesses. Features everything in Home Premium plus the ability to join a domain, location-aware printing, acting as a Remote Desktop Host (tech support useful), Encrypting File System, and XP mode. Can upgrade to Ultimate for a fee using Windows Anytime Upgrade.
windows 7 home premium
1 of 3 most commonly used editions. Available retail; emphasis on multimedia experience primarily for students, home, small office, home office (SOHO) users. Features: Windows Aero, Windows Media Center, Remote Media Streaming, Internet TV, Back up and Restore, & multi-touch support. Can upgrade to Ultimate for a fee using Windows Anytime Upgrade.
windows 7 home basic
Sold in emerging markets like China, Mexico, and Russia but not available in US or Canada or other technologically developed countries. Geographical restrictions are controlled via the activation process which will fail if activated in a country or region where it is restricted from use. Supports Windows Aero theme but doesnt include all of its features.
windows 7 enterprise
Includes additional security features, designed for business sector, recommended for mid to large sized businesses. Designed for enterprise environments, not available for purchase by home users on an individual license instead it requires a special corporate license agreement called a Software Assurance Agreement which includes other benefits like running diskless PCs (nodes) and running multiple virtual machines as well. Contains all the same features as Ultimate.
Microsoft OS that came after Vista, it is faster, easier to install/setup, and more stable. New features include large animated tasks thumbnails, Homegroups, Jump Lists, libraries, and XP mode. It has a similar interface to that of Vista, but vastly different than XP. There are 6 main editions of Windows 7. All editions support 32-bit systems and include common integrated applications such as the Control Panel, Windows Media Player and the Network and Sharing center. A 32-bit version supports up to 32 processor cores & a 64-bit versions supports up to 256.
An exact replica of a computer system that can be used to install an OS with Apps to a computer or restore a crashed system.
Windows 7 System Requirements
1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor *
1 gigabyte (GB) RAM (32-bit) or 2 GB RAM (64-bit) *
16 GB available hard disk space (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit) *
DirectX 9 graphics device with Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) 1.0 or higher driver
* for an optimal user experience it is best to exceed these requirements
Microsoft additional requirements
- internet service
- additional memory and advanced graphics hardware for video playback depending on required or desired resolution
- graphics card compatible with DirectX 10 or higher for certain games and programs
- TV tuner and additional hardware for some Windows Media Center functionality
- Specific hardware for Windows Touch and tablet PC's
- a network and PC's running Windows 7 for HomeGroup utilization
- compatible optical drive to burn CD's/DVD's
- Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 1.2 for BitLocker
- universal serial bus (USB) for BitLocker To Go
- additional 1 GB of RAM and 15 GB available hard disk space for Windows XP Mode
- audio output for music and sound
High Touch Installation (HTI)
Light Touch Installation (LTI)
windows 7 upgrade advisor
windows deployment services
windows easy transfer
Zero Touch Installation (ZTI)
A set of API's for handling multimedia tasks that enhances multimedia capabilities of the computer by enabling the graphics card to process some multimedia functions rather than the CPU
Trusted platform Module (TPM)
A security chip on some motherboards that can store cryptographic keys to help protect a computer from being used when lost, stolen or hacked