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Communication Studies 1A03 Chapter 6
Terms in this set (35)
rise of convergence culture
Technology comprises much more than machinery but is tied as well into techniques or ways of performing tasks, and reflects the larger socio-cultural environment in which machines and ways of doing things are embedded
states that technology has no ends of its own and exists only to accomplish human ends, completely under the control of humanity and human history is shaped by humans, not technology.
Technological progress exacts a price (while it adds something it also subtracts something else)
-a POV that sees technology as operating according to its own logic and cannot be stopped. (logic is at expense of humanity)
Critical theory insists we have choices about how we develop technology, shape its development
-Technology is not an external force; technology exists within society
Technology arises and takes a particular form depending on the dynamics of the society in which it emerges
Social constructivists argue that technology does not determine human action, but that rather, human action shapes technology.
refers to the fixing of the device or system into a socially recognized object
Two examples of closure mechanisms:
1. Rhetorical closure: social groups see the problem as being solved; the need for alternative designs diminishes, often the result of advertising.
2. Redefinitions of the problem: design standing in the focus of conflicts can be stabilized by inventing a new problem, which is solved by this very design
Describes a technical apparatus to describe the fact that built into all commonly used tech or social dynamics and technical feasibility.
Old (legacy) media
Analogue media like hard copy newspapers, magazines and books; film on celluloid, radio and conventional television,
New media refers to digital media; computer-based technologies like the internet, All digital media employ a common electronic language of zeros and ones and are produced using computers with purpose-specific software.
the socioeconomic and other disparities between those people who have opportunities and skills enabling them to benefit from digital resources, especially the Internet, and those who do not have these opportunities or skills
A perspective whereby a person perceives technology as contributing inherently to progress. A naive position that ignores/downplays technology's limits or potential downsides.
In a converged, multi platform media enviro, specific media platforms, such as radio, TV, newspapers, and magazines that are not converged.
The process by which all forms of information (textual, visual, aural) are translated into a common computer language of 0's and 1's so that content produced originally for one digital platform can be used on all other platforms
Organizations that develop communication infrastructure and make it available to user. Typically as a business. Ex: Phone and cable companies
A project connected computer systems at five US universities allowing communication and media sharing.
Internet trades information units
Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers and governments regulating the Internet should treat all data on the Internet the same, not discriminating or charging deferentially by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or mode of communication.
Free for examination, modification, use, and distribution w/out consequences (such as license fees, trade secrets, or usage restrictions)
the internet enabling consumers to make their own media content
3 Defining characteristics of digital medi
Privacy legislation (1983):
permits individuals access to personal information held about them by the federal government, and imposes fair information obligations on the government in terms of how it collects, maintains, uses, and discloses personal information under control
Personal information protection and electronic document act (2001):
seeks to balance individual's' privacy rights with organizations' needs to collect and use information for economic purposes
Communications Security Establishment of Canada (CSEC)
a security and intelligence agency mandated by the National Defense Act that was in the news in 2013 for electronic spying activities
involves the use of sophisticated statistical analysis and algorithms to create a user profile, which is sold to advertisers
views technology as a value-neutral tool that can shorten the path to natural ends or social goals
technology operates according to an inexorable logic inherent in the technology itself
an artifact or way of doing or seeing things that come to be natural, inevitable or most logical.
The simplification of complex tasks into components that are readily mastered by workers who often are working in conjunction with sophisticated machines.
Form of online fraud in which PC users are deceived into providing personal info
Refers to the reintroduction of intermediaries in digital communications, resulting from the emergence and growth of corporate aggregators.
the electronic collection of online transactions w the purpose of creating data that summarizes online activity and valuable info.
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