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42 terms

T21WH Unit 8

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Marshall Plan
US policy that invested billions of dollars in Western Europe to strengthen them against communism
NATO
A military alliance between the USA and Western European powers
Berlin Wall
It was symbolic of the divide between capitalism and communism
Berlin Airlift
Truman's response to Stalin's blockade
Containment
US foreign policy to keep communism from spreading
Domino Theory
This was the belief that once one country fell to communism, then another would, then another would, then another would, then another would
1945
End of WWII
1947
Truman Doctrine, Monroe Plan, India/Pakistan partition
1948-49
Berlin Airlift
1950-53
Korean War
1959
Cuban Revolution
1962
Cuban Missile Crisis
Proxy wars
Even though the USA and USSR didn't fight directly during the Cold War, they did support opposing sides in various conflicts
guerrilla war
War tactic where the enemy attacks and disappears; there are no front lines, no large battles
Lyndon Johnson
President of USA during Vietnam War
Kim Il Sung
First leader of North Korea
Gulf of Tonkin Incident
The US Congress responded to this alleged attack by giving Johnson permission to declare war in Vietnam
Tet Offensive
This series of attacks began to change American public opinion about the Vietnam War
Reason for American withdrawal from Vietnam War
American public opinion turned against the war; it did not appear like progress was being made
Vietnamese reasons for fighting
They had been colonized by the French, taken over by the Japanese in WWII, had the French try to take them back over after WWII, and they wanted to be free from any foreign control
Cold War
A decades-long struggle between western capitalist democracies and communist-controlled, Soviet Union-aligned nations
1957
Sputnik + Laika (first satellite, first dog in space)
1969
Neil Armstrong (first person on moon)
2016
SpaceX first self-landing rocket
Mutually Assured Destruction
this was why the USA and USSR built so many more nukes than were needed
space race
this was one more way that the Cold War between the USA and the USSR played out; when Soviets launched the first satellite into space, this began
Warsaw Pact
a Cold War military alliance amongst USSR-aligned nations, mostly in Central Asia and Eastern Europe
Mikhail Gorbachev
this leader called for making the USSR more open, democratic, and capitalist
USA
the only remaining superpower after 1991
1991 December
collapse of the Soviet Union
1949
Chinese communist revolution (Mao Zedong)
United Nations
an assembly of world nations whose objective it is to promote peace and cooperation
civil disobedience
when a person refuses to obey certain laws because those laws are unjust or wrong; this is a protest strategy
Mao Zedong
first ruler of communist China
imperialism
this became unacceptable after Germany, Italy, and Japan's action prior to and during WWII; it was no longer "enlightened" or acceptable to hold colonies
Gandhi
a lawyer who became famous for his use of nonviolent protest
People's Republic of China
this began after peasants successfully carried out a communist revolution
China today
although still an authoritarian state, there is no longer a command economy here; in other words, they now have a free market
representational art
this actually "looks like" something
abstract art
this doesn't look like anything in particular; it focuses on the basic components of art like line, color, texture, etc.
why communism doesn't work
when people have no incentive to work hard, no reason to make sure they do their best work, then they typically don't work hard and well
fall of the Soviet Union
when this happened, there was only one superpower remaining in the world: 'Murka